VENEZUELA AT THE HELM OF NAM
This September, between 13 and 18, the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela became the third Latin American country to assume the leadership of the Non-Aligned Movement. Previously, it had been chaired by Cuba in 1979 and 2006 (twice), Colombia in 1995 and now Venezuela, which will preside until 2019.
We have no doubt that during this period, Venezuela will establish itself as a faithful driver of this multilateral organisation that brings together 120 countries worldwide. President Nicolás Maduro was thankful for the support and said this period “will be used with firmness and loyalty for the cause of our people’’.
In 1955, NAM was preceded by the Afro-Asian conference in Bandung, Indonesia. On this date, 29 heads of state of the two continents gathered to clarify and define joint policies to overcome decolonisation initiated after the end of World War II.
After the Bandung Conference, six years later in Belgrade in 1961, NAM was born, raising the flags of the economic and political sovereignty against hegemonic powers of the so-called first world.
The NAM today is the world’s second-largest organisation by representation, after the United Nations, which means a great opportunity for Venezuela to demonstrate its commitment to multilateralism and contribute to sponsor plans, projects and resolutions defining proposals and policies that lead to peace in the world, respect for sovereignty, territorial integrity and equality of nations.
Venezuela, along with 53 African countries, 39 from Asia, 26 from Latin America and the Caribbean, plus two European countries, will now stimulate policies of profound social content, propose projects of solidarity cooperation, without dominant pretensions and adherence to the principles of self-determination for the people.
Venezuela will lead and promote, in NAM, the South-South cooperation based on mutual interest and respect for the national sovereignty of each country.
We will follow the route expressed by the Commander Hugo Chávez in his message to the Africa-South America Summit III in Malabo, Equatorial Guinea, in 2013. “Our South-South cooperation must be a genuine and a permanent link of joint work that should unite all its strategies and sustainable development plans towards the South’’.
There are many, perhaps 100, tasks that today will have to be addressed. Several of them are priority: to democratise interna- tional relations, confront the hegemonic projects sponsored from some northern countries; and the attempts at domination that harm the sovereignty of the countries of the South.
Claiming the character of multilateralism as an option to address global challenges is a priority requirement Venezuela would know how to comply with this demand. It is essential that we all understand the need for a multi-polar world where peace, freedom and development are collective principles.
The vast majority of humanity today calls for non-interference in the internal affairs of other nations and respect for the will of the people. These are part of the problems to be addressed at the global level, while understanding that NAM has both old and new challenges.
This month, the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela assumes the presidency of NAM with a commitment to join efforts to confront and stop a new wave of imperialist character, which aims to re-colonise and subdue the people of the world.
We all have a challenge, to strengthen the work for peace and international security. Then Venezuela will make greater efforts to be accompanied on the international chessboard. No one can deny that the South every day becomes increasingly important on the international scene. No one can deny that the South plays a substantive role to establish new forms of coexistence on the planet.
Every day humanity rebels against those who try to justify dominant and exclusionary positions and to this reality. The South must establish itself as an important factor in promoting initiatives that emphasise the conference of Bandung (Indonesia) and the emergence of NAM, which since its founding, declared the fight against all forms of imperial domination. Venezuela declares itself ready to guarantee the right to the future of the people of the South.
NAM IS THE WORLD’S SECOND LARGEST ORGANISATION, AFTER THE UNITED NATIONS
VENEZUELA ASSUMES THE PRESIDENCY OF THE NON-ALIGNED MOVEMENT WITH A COMMITMENT TO JOIN EFFORTS TO CONFRONT AND STOP A NEW WAVE OF IMPERIALIST CHARACTER, WHICH AIMS TO RE-COLONISE AND SUBDUE THE PEOPLE OF THE WORLD
Non-Aligned Movement founders India’s Jawaharlal Nehru, Ghana’s Kwame Nkurumah, Egypt’s Gamal Abdel Nasser and Indonesia’s Achmad Sukarno