Op­po­si­tion plans how to share power

Ma­jor is­sue un­der dis­cus­sion is the creation of Prime Min­is­ter and two deputy po­si­tions.

The Star (Kenya) - - Front Page - STAR TEAM @TheS­tarKenya

STRATE­GISTS work­ing on a for­mula to bring to­gether the Op­po­si­tion chiefs ahead of next year’s elec­tions have pro­posed the rein­tro­duc­tion of the po­si­tion of Prime Min­is­ter and two Deputy PMs.

The team has also pro­posed that the Con­sti­tu­tion be amended to cre­ate the three po­si­tions in a mode that will also change the cur­rent Pres­i­den­tial sys­tem to a par­lia­men­tary sys­tem of govern­ment.

With this ar­range­ment, the Op­po­si­tion will have nine key po­si­tions to share among their top vote bloc lead­ers in the event they form the next ad­min­is­tra­tion.

Apart from the Pres­i­dent and his Deputy, the team will have the po­si­tions of Prime Min­is­ter and his two DPMs, the speak­ers of Par­lia­ment and the Se­nate and Ma­jor­ity lead­ers of both Houses.

By mak­ing the pro­posal, the Na­tional Su­per Al­liance wants to po­si­tion it­self as a for­ma­tion that is more in­clu­sive and there­fore pro­vides more op­por­tu­ni­ties to more top lead­ers than the rul­ing Ju­bilee Party, which has yet to ap­point its of­fi­cials or get its Sec­re­tariat go­ing.

Af­ter the 2007 post-elec­tion vi­o­lence, the three po­si­tions of PM and DPMs were cre­ated but abol­ished when the new Con­sti­tu­tion was en- acted in 2010. Raila Odinga was Prime min­is­ter un­til the 2013 elec­tions. Musalia Mu­davadi and Uhuru Keny­atta were his DPMs.

The switch to a par­lia­men­tary sys­tem is the key change in the draft doc­u­ment be­ing pre­pared by the NASA tech­ni­cal team. If ap­proved by the Su­per Al­liance part­ners, the prin­ci­pals will then have to agree who takes what po­si­tion.

“We want to cre­ate a team that will de­feat Ju­bilee with a wide mar­gin. We be­lieve with the po­si­tions we are propos­ing, NASA will be able to ac­com­mo­date many peo­ple,” said one of the tech­nocrats work­ing on the pro­posal.

Raila has sup­ported a par­lia­men­tary sys­tem since the time of the Bo­mas Draft Con­sti­tu­tion in 2004, in which he played an ac­tive role.

WE WANT TO CRE­ATE A TEAM THAT WILL DE­FEAT JU­BILEE WITH A WIDE MAR­GIN. WE BE­LIEVE WITH THE PO­SI­TIONS WE ARE PROPOS­ING, NASA WILL BE ABLE TO AC­COM­MO­DATE MANY PEO­PLE

In a par­lia­men­tary sys­tem MPs choose a Prime Min­is­ter, who typ­i­cally is se­lected by the largest party, which also forms the govern­ment. The Pres­i­dent theN be­comes a cer­e­mo­nial Head of State.

The new Con­sti­tu­tion was orig­i­nally in­tended to cre­ate a par­lia­men­tary sys­tem, but MPs switched to a Pres­i­den­tial sys­tem in the Naivasha talks in 2010. ODM con­ceded to PNU on the mat­ter, although Raila still favoured an ex­ec­u­tive Prime Min­is­ter sys­tem.

“The idea of House com­mit­tee chairs an­swer­ing ques­tions on be­half of Cabi­net Sec­re­taries is not serv­ing the coun­try well. We hope to re­verse this re­quire­ment so that the peo­ple of Kenya, through their elected MPs, can hold the govern­ment ac­count­able”, said Amani Na­tional Congress leader Musalia Mu­davadi yes­ter­day.

Many lib­eral democ­ra­cies such as Canada, Great Bri­tain, Ger­many, Italy, Ja­pan, Latvia, The Nether­lands, and New Zealand use the par­lia­men­tary sys­tem. The Pres­i­den­tial sys­tem is used in democ­ra­cies like the United States and France.

Ac­cord­ing to the Op­po­si­tion, the Con­sti­tu­tion has cre­ated too nar­row an Ex­ec­u­tive, which is prone to abuse and lack of ac­count­abil­ity.

The team is also hop­ing to en­ter into a work­ing ar­range­ment with trade unions in ex­change for their mas­sive sup­port.

/ FILE

Cord leader Raila Odinga with ANC leader Musalia Mu­davadi

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