Biodiversity protection gains momentum
To preserve species on the earth is essential for the survival of both contemporary and future generations.
Ecological degeneration – due to deforestation, industrial pollution and extreme weather caused by global warming – rapidly diminishes species, posing a great challenge to the human survival and development.
Experts claim that 24 per cent of mammals, 12 per cent of birds, 25 per cent of reptiles and 30 per cent of fish are globally threatened with extinction, blaming the threats on human activities.
In an effort to raise public awareness of the importance of
biodiversity, the UN set forth “biodiversity for sustainable development” as the theme for this year’s International Biodiversity Day.
The UN, the World Conservation Union and other international organizations as well as non-governmental organizations have taken different measures to protect biodiversity and conducted brisk activities to this end.
The Species Survival Committee of the World Conservation Union worked out regulations and standards in 1994 to sort out endangered species in a bid to ensure a unified survey of globally rare and close-to-extinct species, and published the “red list” in 1996, which has been updated on the basis of an annual global survey.
In keeping with the international trend, the DPRK has made efforts to maintain and increase biodiversity.
As part of the efforts to create favourable environment for conservation of biodiversity, the DPRK put the areas of Mts Paektu, Kuwol, Myohyang and Chilbo on the list of international biosphere reserves.
Laws and rules for conserving useful animals, nature reserves and forests have been instituted to provide a political and legal guarantee to the efforts to preserve resources of the country’s fauna and flora.
In 2004 the country’s “red list” was published, and its updated version is in the making.
A nationwide campaign for reforestation has been under way with an eye to biodiversity conservation.
Mts Paektu (left) and Kuwol (right) put in the list of world biosphere reserves.