Bio­di­ver­sity pro­tec­tion gains mo­men­tum

The Pyongyang Times - - The Pyongyang Times - By Song Yong Sok PT

To pre­serve species on the earth is es­sen­tial for the sur­vival of both con­tem­po­rary and fu­ture gen­er­a­tions.

Eco­log­i­cal de­gen­er­a­tion – due to de­for­esta­tion, industrial pol­lu­tion and ex­treme weather caused by global warm­ing – rapidly di­min­ishes species, pos­ing a great chal­lenge to the hu­man sur­vival and devel­op­ment.

Ex­perts claim that 24 per cent of mam­mals, 12 per cent of birds, 25 per cent of rep­tiles and 30 per cent of fish are glob­ally threat­ened with ex­tinc­tion, blam­ing the threats on hu­man ac­tiv­i­ties.

In an ef­fort to raise public aware­ness of the im­por­tance of

bio­di­ver­sity, the UN set forth “bio­di­ver­sity for sus­tain­able devel­op­ment” as the theme for this year’s In­ter­na­tional Bio­di­ver­sity Day.

The UN, the World Con­ser­va­tion Union and other in­ter­na­tional or­ga­ni­za­tions as well as non-gov­ern­men­tal or­ga­ni­za­tions have taken dif­fer­ent mea­sures to pro­tect bio­di­ver­sity and con­ducted brisk ac­tiv­i­ties to this end.

The Species Sur­vival Com­mit­tee of the World Con­ser­va­tion Union worked out reg­u­la­tions and stan­dards in 1994 to sort out en­dan­gered species in a bid to en­sure a uni­fied sur­vey of glob­ally rare and close-to-ex­tinct species, and pub­lished the “red list” in 1996, which has been up­dated on the ba­sis of an an­nual global sur­vey.

In keep­ing with the in­ter­na­tional trend, the DPRK has made ef­forts to main­tain and in­crease bio­di­ver­sity.

As part of the ef­forts to cre­ate favourable en­vi­ron­ment for con­ser­va­tion of bio­di­ver­sity, the DPRK put the ar­eas of Mts Paektu, Ku­wol, My­ohyang and Chilbo on the list of in­ter­na­tional bio­sphere re­serves.

Laws and rules for con­serv­ing use­ful an­i­mals, na­ture re­serves and forests have been in­sti­tuted to pro­vide a po­lit­i­cal and legal guar­an­tee to the ef­forts to pre­serve re­sources of the coun­try’s fauna and flora.

In 2004 the coun­try’s “red list” was pub­lished, and its up­dated ver­sion is in the mak­ing.

A na­tion­wide cam­paign for re­for­esta­tion has been un­der way with an eye to bio­di­ver­sity con­ser­va­tion.

Mts Paektu (left) and Ku­wol (right) put in the list of world bio­sphere re­serves.

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