Righteousness as The Character and the Purposes of the Lord
In Isaiah 46: 12, 13, “righteousness” (‘ytiq'd>ci) refer to the
“My.” It is “the character and purposes of the Lord, all that accords with his will, character and purposes, everything that is ‘right with God’. His promises and his ceaselessly good purpose for his people too.”35
Similarly in Isaiah 59:17, “Righteousness” (‘hq'd'c.) refers to
“breastplate.” “Clothing is always a metaphor for character, commitment and inducement for the task.”36
Further Motyer mentioned justice and what is right/righteousness point respectively to the Lord’s law (what he has ‘judged’ to be right) and the Lord’s character (his righteous person).37
E.G. White said, “the law requires righteousness, a righteous life, a perfect character;”38 for this reason Christ, coming to the earth as man, lived a holy life, and developed a perfect character.
In Isaiah 51:5, there are two kinds of “righteousness” (qd,c,). “On the human side, righteousness, conformity with the character and claims of God, is the mark of the true people. On the divine side, righteousness is the quality of all that the Lord does, whether for his people or his servant, or what the servant does.”39
In Isaiah 51:1, “righteousness” (qd,c,), here, those whose lives are
characterized by pursuing righteousness and seeking the Lord. It is similar to pursing
God. But in Isaiah 60:17, “Righteousness” (hq")d'c.) is that which matches God’s own righteous character.40
Again in Isaiah 42:21, “righteousness” (qd,c,) refer to “His.” Righteousness is “what fulfils his righteous purposes and his righteous character, it is the Lord acting for reasons which make sense within the divine nature.”41
Similar in Isaiah 59:16, “righteousness” (^q,êd>ci) refers to “His.” “The righteousness of the Lord here is his changelessly righteous character whereby he must be true to what he is and faithful to what he has pledged.”42
Righteousness was highlighted as of God, as it is God’s character. Isaiah portrays humans to look at God’s characters as a sample of human moral or norm.