Right­eous­ness as Moral­ity and Ho­li­ness

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In Isa­iah 5:16 “Right­eous­ness” (hq")d'c.) refers as “God.” So

“Right­eous­ness is ho­li­ness ex­pressed in moral prin­ci­ples; jus­tice is the ap­pli­ca­tion of

the prici­ples of right­eous­ness. Both jus­tice and right­eous­ness are the out­shin­ing of ho­li­ness.”28

For J. Alec Mo­tyer, Right­eous­ness is a re­flec­tion of moral­ity. “Right­eous­ness is the glory of Zion. Again right­eous­ness is God as it is a Di­vine’s ho­li­ness.”29 More­over, Right­eous­ness is moral­ity, a good lifestyle in ac­cor­dance with God’s de­scrip­tion. Isa­iah 59:14 men­tioned, “Jus­tice and right­eous­ness (hq")d'c.) is a moral prac­tice aris­ing out of a moral prin­ci­ple.”30

Ac­cord­ing to KyeSang Ha, Yah­weh is “not con­strained by moral weak­ness due to his own sin or in­ad­e­quate wis­dom to ap­ply jus­tice and kind­ness.” God, as the di­vine King, Law­giver and Judge (cf. Isa 33:22), is “morally re­spon­si­ble for his judg­ments, in­clud­ing his for­give­ness of guilty peo­ple.”31

Again in Isa­iah 9:7 “Right­eous­ness” (hq'd'c.) as “the moral foun­da­tion will be jus­tice and right­eous­ness and the lost glo­ries of Zion will be re­stored. Not only so, but the di­vine ho­li­ness will be per­fectly man­i­fested in true pro­ce­dures (jus­tice) which re­flect right­eous prin­ci­ples.”32

For po­lit­i­cal sense, Right­eous­ness is “the out­work­ing of ho­li­ness in the ap­pli­ca­tion of right­eous prin­ci­ples of world gov­ern­ment (Isa­iah 5:16).”33

In Isa­iah 28:17 “Right­eous­ness” (hq'd'c.) men­tioned as “Jus­tice and right­eous­ness ei­ther de­scribe the qual­ity of life the Lord de­sires in his be­liev­ing peo­ple and to which he will ap­ply his mea­sur­ing line and his plumb-line (the tests of hor­i­zon­tal and ver­ti­cal ex­ac­ti­tude), or else they de­scribe how the Lord will act in judg­ment against the scoffers.”34 These two mean­ings are ob­vi­ously com­ple­men­tary.

Mo­tyer be­lieves the ex­pres­sion of right­eous­ness is jus­tice and ho­li­ness. In ori­gin, right­eous­ness is rooted in God, di­vine ho­li­ness. God is the only one per­fect right­eous­ness.

There­fore, in or­der to have free­dom, we need to be right­eous. Right­eous­ness is God’s moral.

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