Freedom from Violence: Peace
The Bible portrays many in stances of protection from attack or violence, and gives evidence of an overall disapproval violence. God protects His people, as in
Lev 26:5-6 (CEV): “You will lie down and no one will make you afraid. I will remove savage beasts from the land, and the sword will not pass through your country.” Also in Job 5: 15, 21, 24, “[God] He saves the needy from the sword in their mouth; he saves them from the clutches of the powerful. You will be protected from the lash of the tongue, and need not fear when destruction comes. You will know that your tent is secure; you will take stock of your property and find nothing missing.”
The prophet Isaiah also addresses the issues of security issue for his people: “My people will live in peaceful dwelling places, in secure homes, in undisturbed places of
rest (Chap 32:19).” Similarly, David requests of God: “Make me dwell in safety”
(Ps 4:8).” Security and protection from harmful violence or attack by others is in important in the view of the Bible writers. More than that, the Bible encourages harmonious relationships, as in Rom 14:19: “Let us therefore make every effort to do what leads to peace and to mutual edification.” The Bible guarantees safety in the eternal city, seeing the city gates will be open continually (Isa 60:11). The gates of the city need not be shut, since there are no enemies there.138 According to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 3:139 “Everyone has
the right to life, liberty and security of person.” This declaration is the current world standard.
In order to have freedom from violence, there needs to be peace. On the other hand, Peace is the result of overcoming from violence, since peace (Latin, pax) is an agreement, to refrain from war or hostilities.140 According to “The Interpreter’s
Bible Dictionary”, Peace is understood in a variety of contexts, “the state of wholeness possessed by persons or groups, which may be health, prosperity, and
security.”141 ‘Peace’ can also refer to military and economic peace, the ending of
war, as well as national or family prosperity and security. Furthermore it implies the
bodily health of the individual, and the wholeness of people in their social relations and individual existence.
Political security is also called peace in 2 Kings 20:19, and Isa 32:18. Peace means the absence of war (Judge 21:13; 1 Sam 16:4-5); it is opposed to war or strife (Luke 14:32; Acts 12:20).
Peace can also refer to the harmony in society and nature (Lev 26:6; Job 5:2324), harmonious relationships within the whole family (Matt 10:34; Luke 12:51), and happy personal relationships (Rom 14:19, Eph 4:3)142.
In modern time peace is often understood to be equivalent to prosperity. In the Bible also, peace can refer to “prosperity” (Ps. 37:37), particularly “economic prosperity” (1 Chr 4:40; 22:9; Ps 37:11; Isa 54:13). In many cases, peace is also mentioned in connection with health, a good life and healthful sleep (Ps.4:8). Peace is also account as “length of life” (Prov 3:2).
Generally, peace represents freedom from violence. If there is no violence, it will be peace. The Bible encouraged us being peace in the world. The Christian hope of salvation is to receive peace.