Cultural Based Institutions
Looking at the Asian cultures a type of moral standard was established to maintain the social welfare system. For example, “Neo-Confucian practices— community granaries, self-defense units, local schools and academies, family rituals, community wine-drinking ceremonies, etc.”154
According to Zhu Xi's perception, the need existed for some public structures between family and state. Zhu Xi's aim to incorporate the principle of voluntarism into “community structures that might mediate between state power and family interest.”155
It is important to have a community base to build a state. But it should be based on morality. Then that morality can justify whether the culture-based civil
society or institution is good or not. Therefore, morality is a very important issue; it is the backbone for building a society and a nation for peace and harmony.
Within Christian culture, the Adventist church is strongly based on biblical principles of morality. Adventism maintains a conservative life style, including, among other health principles, refraining from smoking and drinking. As an institution, Adventism is fit for promotion of a good civil society. Eventually, this results in a religion-based, then culture-based transformation.