Christian Perspective on a Good Government
According to the Christian perspective, the civil government is something more than just holding power or ruling; it should be active in promoting social welfare and unity. Likewise, it should ties to enhance spiritual life.
According to William R. Stevenson, the purpose of civil government is “to adjust our life to the society of men, to form our social behavior to civil righteousness, to reconcile us with one another, and to promote general peace and tranquility.”166 He further said that it is the government’s duty both to protect the true church and to
serve the socially and politically dispossessed.167 In Stevenson’s view, it seems the state authority should recognize the church and be responsible for the continued existence of the church.
According to Calvin, the criteria for a good government are based on Scripture, and a good government is government that acknowledges those with the
“calling” to administration.168 Calvin strongly tied the government to the church.
Furthermore, Christians are encouraged to help the weak and the neglected, as a part of a good government. “They are appointed to be the guardians of the poor” and are bound both to acknowledge their own station and to “resist the wrongs” done to the poor; only then can we speak of good government.169
The Christian also supports plurality and decentralization, as a limitation of power. According to William Thompson, “under God, no single group can claim final political authority.”170 “The standard of government is necessary to strongly connection to the church.” And the state should carry out most of the church’s demands. The Adventist Church is among them, called for practicing democratic system within the church widely.