According to Henry Stob, “justice is the best defined as “giving every one his due,” the term “due” being a wide and neutral term serving to cover all forms of justice.”177 He further said, justice, “it would appear, has as much to do with desert
as it has to do with rights; as much to do with inequality as with equality; as much to
do with attribution and retribution as with distribution.”178
It is important to know whether things are just or not. Only after knowing you are acting on the side of justice, are you able to claim your rights.
Henry Stob describes more about Justice, “it has an eye for rights and claims, weighs
merits and demerits, effects precise distributions, and the like. And Justice is concerned with the delicate balancing of scales.” Henry Stob compares Justice and Love for clearer understanding. “For love, however, scales and balances are
scriminately allocates goods and evils after careful calculation. Justice, it is said, reigns in the public arena; loves reigns in the private sector. Justice regulates the interactions of impersonal collectivities; love
regulates interpersonal relations.”179 By this justice can be understood, to be a kind of implementation of a
society’s ethic, measuring and comparing, and than pronouncing the results to be either good or bad. The important thing is that justice demands actual equality of treatment.180 Inequality may be of a type, which may require more than guaranteeing liberty and rights to protect the weaker party.181
Justice must cooperate with Love; perhaps this is because love is a characteristic of reconciliation. “Reconciliation is a further step one takes when the claiming of rights has redressed the balance of injustice.”182
It is the purpose of law to realize justice in human society. Moreover, law is more practical than any other system; on the other hand, law has no excuse.
As long as human beings should love one another continuously, it would not be necessary to introduce the term “law.” In the case of genuine love, Luther said,
“love needs no law”.183 Luther’s view was concentrated upon love more than on law.
However, for Calvin love is the law: “The Gospel is nothing else than a fulfillment of the law”.184 Indeed, as is the gospel, “the law is a manifestation of God’s love and God’s care.” As Calvin says, “the purpose of the whole law [is] to form human life to the archetype of divine purity.”185 God has depicted His character in His law. The law, for Calvin, is thus God’s full and sufficient act of self-revelation.
Calvin’s view was more concentrated upon law than on love. His understand of law is based on faith. By faith Christians fulfill the law through the grace of God. The first part of Christian freedom for Calvin, then, is nothing like
freedom from the law. “It is freedom within the law, even freedom as a result of the law (when mediated by grace).”186 After studying different churches theologians’ views, it is understandable the Adventist church position. The Adventist church position seems close to Calvin’s view. By faith believers fulfill God’s law as the fruit of faith, by the grace of God, not by their own works.