The cri­te­rion of vi­o­lence is jus­tice.”189

The Global Digest (English) - - CHAPTER 3 -

For ex­am­ple, an at­tempted to kill Hitler must be made from the per­spec­tive of the right of re­sis­tance. Thomas Aquinas ap­proved the killing of a tyrant on spe­cial oc­ca­sions. Also Luther called peo­ple to re­sist in ex­treme sit­u­a­tions and talked about

God’s com­mand­ment for re­sis­tance. Karl Barth also called to “re­sist tyranny.” Bon­ho­ef­fer was the first one to ad­dress the prob­lem of re­spon­si­ble ethics in mod­ern the­o­log­i­cal cir­cles.190

“The ‘right’ to self-de­fense and the doc­trine of the ‘just war’ are widely ac­cepted as a more re­al­is­tic ap­proach to the vi­o­lence of hu­man kind.” Stan­ley

Home­ward called it “a right to vi­o­lence for the sake of jus­tice.”191 Wil­lis Watkins, is no doubt cor­rect in sug­gest­ing that “tak­ing up arms and freed for re­sis­tance to a tyrant.”192

Ad­ven­tists are gen­er­ally not en­cour­aged to use mil­i­tary force, not even to al­low it mem­bers to be con­scripted into mil­i­tary ser­vice, if pos­si­ble. How­ever it is not bind­ing. the Ger­man Ad­ven­tists gave full co­op­er­a­tion to their gov­ern­ment dur­ing the World Wars. In Au­gust 4, 1914, the pres­i­dent of the East Ger­man Union Con­fer­ence, “in­formed the Ger­man War Min­istry in writ­ing that con­scripted Seven­thday Ad­ven­tists would bear arms as com­bat­ants and would ren­der ser­vice on the Sab­bath in de­fense of their coun­try.”193

Many Ad­ven­tist in the United States were also con­scripted. In prin­ci­ple, Ad­ven­tists dis­cour­aged con­scrip­tion. The Ad­ven­tist pub­li­ca­tion “Our Youth in Time of War” took a very strong stand sup­port­ing non­com­bat­ant ser­vice.194 But, in re­al­ity, the church left the de­ci­sion to each in­di­vid­ual, which de­ci­sion de­pended on cir­cum­stances and coun­try.

The Church also needs to jus­tify cer­tain wars. Many jus­ti­fied de­fend­ing the Nazis and fas­cists as pos­i­tive. But many oth­ers jus­tify at­tack­ing Iraq as neg­a­tive. It de­pends on each war’s, mo­ti­va­tions and in­ten­tions.

Ac­cord­ing to the Bi­ble, the use of mil­i­tary force should be the last op­tion, es­pe­cially in crit­i­cal is­sues. In Gen 19:15, God desto­ryed Sodom only af­ter warn­ing. The Bi­ble al­ways en­cour­ages non-vi­o­lence meth­ods as the first op­tion. God only pun­ished peo­ple as the last op­tion, af­ter warn­ings were given.

Ac­cord­ingly, in the case of Myan­mar, it seems ap­pro­pri­ate to use mil­i­tary force at a time when it has long been de­lib­er­ately ruled by a mil­i­tary dic­ta­tor­ship. An over­all anal­y­sis on the use of mil­i­tary forces, some­time, it shows the need

of mil­i­tary forces. There­fore the Ad­ven­tist’s po­si­tion on non-vi­o­lence may not

al­ways true when it come to jus­tify.

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