Freedom is neither absolute natural determinism nor absolute human determinism. It is a combination of both. In some sort, I have to agree with natural determinism. For example, people who died in natural disasters like cyclone or earthquake. That is beyond human control, it is purely antecedence cause.
Christian faith described as similar to natural determinism. Christian norms
are always stable or unchangeable because it is based on God’s norm. And theoretically, the Christian never allows for breakdown or collapse of norms. If the Christian broke any norms, human cannot solve it but God alone. The Christian primarily believes freedom by God alone. For Christians, their freedom falls in the
faith’s context. It is a kind of natural determinism or supernatural context.
On the other hand, I also agree with human determinism. For example, people chose their leader to run the government. Indirectly or the other way, people
decided such as the country’s policy, rules and laws, religious freedom and human
rights, then the government implement accordingly to people’s decision. It means all the state’s policy and legislation are people’s plan, their wills. In this case, it shows human have some kinds of choice as human determinism.
However, sometimes, human determinism can turnout corrupt or breakdown human norms. For example, extreme racism and extreme nationalism, which are provoked communalism and hatred among society. Even, these things happen in many democratic countries. Democracy is a man-made so called a good governing system. But man-made human norms are not perfect. So, it is an example of human determinism weakness.
After looking at the two determinisms, freedom cannot be only one side of these two determinisms. Freedom can be seen as a combination of these two determinisms. But it may be different in the proportion between these two determinisms; more or less, to one side, or vice versa. Depending upon the context, sometime it can be more proportionate in human determinism, and sometimes it can be more in natural determinism, or vice versa.
Here, the Adventist church argues, that the Christian’s faith should have a result or fruit. These fruits should be like as good ethics and good norms. Fruits are similar with human determinism freedom, by limiting good thing done. It should be with the help of the Holy Spirit. That, the Christian called as Christ like character, to be shown in their personal life.
Theoretically, Christians don’t agree with human determinism but the result of the Christians faith must show good things in action, in this context, it is similar with human determinism. Moreover, biblically, Christians are always asked to hold
a good ethics for the purpose of human being goodness. It is called a basic
Therefore, we can see the Adventist church’s position on freedom was based on faith, firstly, and then followed by work. Faith plus work, without work faith has no meaning. In this way, the Adventist’s terminology “work as a fruit of faith” can be seen similar to the world’s norm. The world’s norms are such as United Nations human rights conventions and treaties. The “work as a fruit of faith” is a kind of implementing those human rights standards. Without work will be disregarding implementing human rights standards.
The research shows that the Christian norm is higher than the world’s human rights and democracy. Also it can be seen, in many ways, that the Christians
freedom is similar to United Nations’ human rights norms.