Peace Keeping Operation Seminar
A one day Peace Keeping Operation seminar was held on November 6, 2012 at War Museum in Seoul, South Korea. Military officers, scholars and politicians attended the seminar. Special guest of the seminar, Maj Bengt-Ake Folkeson presents “effective Peacekeeping and Peace building challenges for the ‘Training Community’”. He said threats to Peacekeeping nowadays come from, weapon proliferation, non conventional threats, sectarian violence and non state actors.
DPKO has elaborated an early peace building strategy to help missions establish and sequence peace building, prioritize areas such as policing, rule of law, DDR, security sector reform and mine action. In peacekeeping, the most important actor is the host country, Maj Folkeson said.
Challenges for the Training Community – training needs to be across personal (civilian, military and police). Training needs to be specific for the military such as integrating military planning with civilian planning process, understanding and using ROE, driving, English writing and communication. Specific training needs for staff officers – coordination and interaction with other actors. Specific training needs for military liaison and military observers. A South Korean scholar and former Colonel Yu Jae said “In 1993 that South Korea deployed soldiers for the first time to Somalia and in 2001, they deployed to Iraq.” South Korea’s peacekeepers were deployed by two ministers. The UN forces dispatched are under the charge of the foreign ministry and the other forces dispatched are under the charge of the ministry of defense. Prof. Yun, as the first civilian woman to visit the Arch Unit in the U.A.E, where the U.A.E did a counter terrorist mission. She also used to present at the radio program about peacekeeping issues.
Col. Lee Hong Woo, who was the commander of a unit dispatched in Haiti and also the combined force in East Timore for a year, where they did medical treatment to a local community 15,000. A former Lieutenant General and Congressman Song Young-Keun said the National Assembly were in efforts to continue their troop operation overseas, for a dispatch period of 6 months to 1 year. (In preparation of withdrawal - a notice of least 3 months should be given).
In the past Korea was invaded more than 900 times by outside powers. Nowadays Korea is sending troops around the world.
At the Seminar on Peace Keeping Operation