Lev­els of Au­ton­omy

Lev­els of Au­ton­omy

Arabnet - The Quarterly - - Content -

This level is ba­si­cally zero au­ton­omy. The driver com­pletely con­trols steer­ing, brakes and throt­tle. This level in­cludes driver-as­sis­tance tech but most func­tions are still con­trolled by the driver. This level may in­clude your ba­sic cruise-control fea­tures. At least one driver as­sis­tance sys­tem is fully au­to­mated. Fea­tures like ad­vanced cruise control and lane-cen­ter­ing technology usu­ally ex­ist. Th­ese fea­tures al­low the driver to be fully dis­en­gaged from phys­i­cally op­er­at­ing the ve­hi­cle, how­ever, must al­ways be ready to in­ter­vene if needed. Driv­ers are still nec­es­sary in level 3 cars, but are able to com­pletely shift “safety-crit­i­cal func­tions” to the ve­hi­cle un­der cer­tain traf­fic and en­vi­ron­men­tal con­di­tions. This means that the driver is still present but is not re­quired to mon­i­tor the sit­u­a­tion in the same way it does for the pre­vi­ous lev­els. Tesla ve­hi­cles cur­rently of­fer Level 3 au­ton­omy, where the car is able to mon­i­tor speed, steer­ing, lane switch­ing and lane cen­ter­ing en­tirely on its own. This is con­sid­ered fully au­ton­o­mous driv­ing where driver in­ter­ven­tion may be non-ex­is­tent. Level 4 ve­hi­cles are de­signed to per­form all “safety-crit­i­cal func­tions” and mon­i­tor road­way con­di­tions for an en­tire com­mute, from point A to point B. How­ever, this level of au­ton­omy may not cover ev­ery driv­ing sce­nario. This refers to a fully au­ton­o­mous sys­tem where ve­hi­cle per­for­mance is equal to that of a hu­man driver, there is no need for a driver to be present since no driver in­ter­ven­tion is needed what­so­ever. Level 5 au­ton­omy sup­ports ev­ery driv­ing sce­nario pos­si­ble, in­clud­ing extreme en­vi­ron­ments and ter­rain.

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