Go from nat­u­ral to spec­tac­u­lar in an in­stant with the all-new Dior-show Mas­cara


Amman’s Dr. Freeda Tan­nous gives us an ex­pert look about our sum­mer skin. We delve into ev­ery­thing from how to pick your sun­block to just how bad tan­ning is for your health.

Sun’s out and it’s heat­ing up; just be­fore you grab your bikini and run to the near­est pool, read about how your ren­dezvous with the mid­day sun can give you more than bronze skin. U: Sum­mer is here, and the sun will be stronger than ever. What does this mean for our skin? FT: Well… to start, not only does the sun cause pre­ma­ture ag­ing and wrin­kles, but it also causes pig­men­ta­tion like melasma, freck­les and so­lar lentig­ines. Most im­por­tantly & and the most dan­ger­ous thing about the sun & is that it is the ma­jor cause of skin can­cer. A lot of peo­ple know this, but for some rea­son, they just don’t take it se­ri­ously. A new study done by the Amer­i­can Academy of Der­ma­tol­ogy (AAD) found that even in­door light­ing could cause skin can­cer. "ey found that the dam­age caused by UV Rays ac­cu­mu­lates year a$er year un­til it gets to the point where the dam­age is ir­re­versible and leads to the pro­duc­tion of can­cer­ous cells. So, sun­block is a must in­doors and out­doors all through­out the year. U: When it comes to skin pig­men­ta­tion, what a$ects it and is it treat­able? FT: Few med­i­ca­tions such as oral con­tra­cep­tives and mood-bal­anc­ing neu­ro­log­i­cal pills in­crease the risk of skin pig­men­ta­tion. Preg­nant women are also at a higher risk of get­ting skin pig­men­ta­tion be­cause of their hor­mone lev­els. Stud­ies also show that any preg­nant woman not us­ing sun­block has a 53% chance of get­ting pig­men­ta­tion; this per­cent­age drops to 8% when she wears sun­block on a reg­u­lar ba­sis. Pig­men­ta­tion is very treat­able, but the sooner you treat it, the bet­ter & and the bet­ter the re­sults of the treat­ment will be. We can treat them with top­i­cals, in­jecta­bles, lasers and a new chem­i­cal treat­ment called Me­lanos­top that is work­ing won­ders. U: How can we !ght skin can­cer? FT: I con­stantly tell young women and men alike to stop tan­ning! "ey are luck­ily at the stage where the sun’s dam­age is re­versible. Many peo­ple think wear­ing sun­block and tan­ning is !ne but it is not at all. As soon as your skin gets a hint of color it means the dam­age has been done. "ere is no such thing as a safe real tan. I en­cour­age and in­sist on peo­ple to al­ways wear sun­block and avoid be­ing out in the sun at peak hours, which are from 11 am to 3 pm, that is when UV rays are ex­tremely con­cen­trated and the sun is at a high an­gle above the earth’s sur­face. "ey must also wear hats to shield their face from harm­ful rays. "ere are new hats now that ac­tu­ally !lter out UV rays. You should know that even when you’re un­der wa­ter you can still get dam­age from the sun & it is less se­vere be­cause of re­frac­tion, but still you must pro­tect against it. When you’re skiing, you ac­tu­ally get dou­ble the dam­age be­cause the snow re#ects the rays, which means you’re catch­ing rays from the sun and snow. U: What else do you ad­vise we do? FT: I per­son­ally am try­ing to re­move this no­tion of “bronze is beau­ti­ful”. Peo­ple should feel con!dent in their own skin, lit­er­ally. Why do we al­ways feel that to be de­sired and to be beau­ti­ful, we must be tanned? We are per­fect the way we are. "ere’s no need to change our color. Some peo­ple get !rst-de­gree, or even sec­ond-de­gree burns from the sun. When your face or body is red, it is ac­tu­ally con­sid­ered a burn. If some­one is so des­per­ate for a tan, they can easily get a faux spray tan or use self-tan­ning creams, which is much bet­ter than a real tan. It is uni­form and gives you a uni!ed tone; you also get the color you want with­out dam­ag­ing your skin. U: What about tan­ning beds? FT: "ey are the ab­so­lute worst! "ey har­ness and de­liver con­cen­trated UV rays to the skin. "e dam­age done by them is even worse than the dam­age done by the sun, and they are ac­tu­ally banned in all de­vel­oped coun­tries. U: Can you tell us more about skin can­cer? Who is more prone to it and why? FT: Skin can­cer is a very se­ri­ous dis­ease but it is also a pre­ventable one. We can take pre­cau­tions to avoid it. In the past few years, the in­ci­dents of skin can­cer have in­creased 25 folds be­cause of tan­ning. "is statis­tic is com­pletely un­ac­cept­able in this day and age with all the knowl­edge we have, so the AAD took ac­tion and came out with a cam­paign to re­in­force the im­por­tance of pro­tect­ing our skin from the sun. Peo­ple with fairer skin tones are more sus­cep­ti­ble to skin can­cer be­cause they have a lower num­ber and lower den­sity of pig­ment-form­ing cells (melanocytes) that pro­tect against sun dam­age. There are three types of skin can­cer: Basal Cell Car­ci­noma (BCC), Squa­mous Cell Car­ci­noma (SCC) and Ma­lig­nant Melanoma (MM). BCC is treat­able and doesn’t spread as fast and isn’t as se­ri­ous as the other two types of can­cer. The most dan­ger­ous form is MM, which can be fa­tal in a mat­ter of months. Peo­ple have to al­ways ex­am­ine them­selves. Do it at least once a year, on your birth­day make it a gi$ to your­self to check if there are any pigmented le­sions or moles and mon­i­tor their growth and size. Ex­am­ine ex­ist­ing beauty marks and if they are ul­cer­ated or bleed­ing, go to a der­ma­tol­o­gist and have them looked at. "is is es­pe­cially im­por­tant to do when you’re over 30. U: Is the dam­age al­ways cu­mu­la­tive or can it hap­pen #om just a sin­gle time? FT: It can hap­pen from just one tan­ning ses­sion. "e dam­age can be as strong from a sin­gle time. In some cases, it can be greater than the dam­age caused if you are out in the sun ev­ery day for a short pe­riod of time. So if you lay out for four hours in one day, it is ac­tu­ally worse than lay­ing out for ten min­utes over the course of a month. U: Which sun­block shall we use? FT: "ere are three types of ul­tra­vi­o­let rays: UVA, UVB and UVC. UVC rays are short and don’t reach us ex­cept in Aus­tralia be­cause of the hole in the ozone & Aus­tralia ac­tu­ally has the high­est skin can­cer rates be­cause of this. UVA rays are the most harm­ful and they cause can­cer, while UVB rays are the ones re­spon­si­ble for sun­burns. "e sun­block we buy must have an SPF of 50+, any­thing less isn’t giv­ing you full pro­tec­tion, and any­thing more will give you the same re­sults. 30 gives you 92% pro­tec­tion, 50 gives you 98%. Look for a broad-spec­trum block that pro­tects against both UVA and UVB rays. "e num­ber 50 signi!es the level of pro­tec­tion against UVB only, so we have to buy a med­i­cal block that is broad-spec­trum with the + sign sig­ni­fy­ing it o'ers full pro­tec­tion. Wa­ter-re­sis­tant lo­tions are the best be­cause they won’t wash away when you take a dip. U: Any other tips on us­ing sun­block? FT: You must know that no mat­ter how good the sun­block is, it won’t pro­tect you for more than three hours, so you have to keep reap­ply­ing, and ap­ply it gen­er­ously all over & don’t ne­glect your ears, hands and feet, and ap­ply it un­der your swimwear straps in case they move and slip. Ap­ply it 30 min­utes be­fore you go out be­cause it is a chem­i­cal pro­tec­tion so it needs time to work. You should also re­mem­ber not to ne­glect your lips. Al­ways choose a lip balm with an SPF. U: So in con­clu­sion, it is best not to tan at all. FT: Please don’t. For your own sake. It is so harm­ful and the neg­a­tive e'ects out­weigh the mo­men­tary “glow” you get. Al­ways wear your sun­block and al­ways put your health be­fore any­thing else.

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