Endangered wildlife list swells in 2015
“They also bring vessels filled with petrol, get the papers and then go to neighbouring countries to sell it there, so they have the double benefit of subsidies and sales,” says Debo Adeniran, head of the Coalition Against Corrupt Leaders lobby group.
Saraki said that by the end of August 2011, the hundreds of billions of naira spent on fuel subsidies was already 300 percent above what had initially been budgeted for the entire year.
Buhari believes graft has made Nigeria a global laughing stock but even he has admitted the scale of the problem is unknown in a country that last year ranked 136th out of 175 in Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index.
“In Nigeria now the (state-run) NNPC (Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation), Ministry of Finance, FIRS (Federal Inland
OSLO — The number of animals and plants at risk of extinction rose in 2015 despite government pledges to improve protection, with species under threat ranging from lions in West Africa to orchids in Asia, a study showed on Tuesday.
The Red List of Endangered Species, backed by governments, scientists and conservationists, grew to 22 784 species in 2015, almost a third of all animals and plants sampled, from 22,413 a year ago, it said.
Loss of habitats, such as clearance of forests for farmland, cities or roads, was the main cause of the rise, according to the list compiled by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
Lions in Africa retained an overall listing as “vulnerable”, one of the least endangered categories, thanks to conservation in southern Africa.
But lions in West Africa were listed in a more severe category as “critically endangered” due to losses of habitat and a decline in prey caused by human hunting, it said.
And it said there were also “rapid declines in East Africa, historically a stronghold for lions — mainly due to human-lion conflict and prey decline.”
Trade in bones and other body
Who will get the sought-after petroleum portfolio is a source of constant, eager speculation, with claims Buhari himself may even parts for traditional medicines were an emerging threat.
In 2011, almost 200 govern- take charge of the sector to root out corrupt practices.
The NNPC was at the centre of a row with the Central Bank of Nigeria last year when Governor Lamido Sanusi said $20bn in oil revenue it was owed had gone missing.
President Goodluck Jonathan, who disputed the amount, then sacked Sanusi.
With Buhari — a former military ruler known for his no-nonsense approach to corruption and “indiscipline” - awareness of the need to tackle graft is arguably at an all-time high.
The CDD has even set up a website - the “Buharimeter” - to monitor whether he fulfils his election promises.
So far, Buhari has only started to address one of them — to publicly declare his assets. But they have yet to be made public, even though he has submitted them to the Code of Conduct Bureau.
For Maja-pearce, hope rests in Nigeria’s Internet-savvy youth.
“They know what’s happening and how much their country is failing,” he said.
“If the country doesn’t make space for their talents by providing the necessaries then they will bring the house down.” — AFP ments set a goal of preventing by 2020 the extinction of known species and reducing threats to those most in decline. No known species went extinct in 2015 but many came closer to the brink.
“We are not on track,” said Craig Hilton-taylor, head of the IUCN Red List Unit, told Reuters of the 2020 goals.
Still there were some conservation successes, such as the Iberian lynx, whose number rose to 156 adults in 2012 from 52 a decade earlier.
Hilton-taylor said some economically valuable species were added as endangered.
The list said that practically all of the 84 species of tropical Asian slipper orchid, which are prized ornamental flowers, were threatened, mainly because of over-collection and habitat loss.
Nine of 17 species from the tea plant family assessed were also endangered because they are used for making tea and medicines or as ornamental plants and firewood.
“Losing these plants would reduce the genetic diversity of tea,” Hilton-taylor said.
The plants might be valuable replacements for current species of drinking tea if environmental conditions were to change in future.
Western African lions are listed as ‘critically endangered’.