Mammograms cut deaths by 40 percent
It sends your body seeking calories
“Artificial sweeteners affect our sense of satiety,” says Isabel Smith, MS RD CDN, of Isabel Smith Nutrition. “Our bodies have evolutionarily developed to expect a large amount of calories when we take in something exceedingly sweet, and those artificial sweeteners are from 400 times to 8,000 times sweeter than sugar. It causes a couple things to happen: The muscles in your stomach relax so you can take in food, and hormones are released. With artificial sweeteners, your body says, ‘Wait a minute, you told me you were going to give me all this high-calorie food.’ It can actually send some people searching for more food, out of lack of satisfaction.”
For snack ideas that will really satisfy without added sugar, check out these 50 LONDON — Breast screening can cut cancer deaths by 40 percent among middle-aged women, according to a study. Data gathered from more than 10 million patients around the world shows that inviting women for regular mammograms really does save lives.
The study, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, will go some way towards ending a debate about the effectiveness of breast cancer screening. It found that women aged 50 to 69 — the age group invited for screening in Britain — have a 40 percent reduced chance of dying from breast cancer if they have a regular mammogram.
Some experts are sceptical about the benefits of widespread breast cancer screening. They say catching a tumour early can sometimes lead women into having potentially harmful treatments such as radiotherapy and chemotherapy unnecessarily.
There are also fears about falsepositive results, in which women are wrongly told they might have breast
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Diet soda secret #3 It trains your taste buds to crave sweets
Consuming super-sweet beverages — even if that sweetness comes without calories — may lead to a high preference for sweetness overall. That means you’re more likely to choose the bread with more sugar, the peanut butter with more sugar, the ice cream with more sugar… And the effect may be more pronounced from diet drinks than from sugarsweetened drinks, because artificial sweeteners are so much sweeter than real sugars.
Diet soda secret #4 It causes you to store fat
A University of Texas study found that people who drank two or more diet sodas a day had waist-size increases that were six times cancer when, in fact, they do not. The new data — compiled by 29 experts from 16 countries — suggests the benefits of screening women far outweigh the risks. In the UK, the findings translate to about eight deaths prevented per 1 000 women regularly attending screening.
In Britain, women aged 50 to 70 are invited for a mammogram every three years. The study also found that women aged 70 to 74 have a slightly reduced chance of breast cancer deaths. They found little benefit in screening before the age of 50.
Overall, the researchers said screening detects breast cancers that would never have been diagnosed or caused harm if the women had not been screened.
Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in the UK, and 50 000 women are diagnosed every year, the majority older than 50. The research was co-ordinated by the International Agency for Research in Cancer, the World Health Organisation’s specialised cancer agency.
Professor Stephen Duffy of Queen greater than non-drinkers. Diet drinks are loaded with deceptively sweet artificial sweeteners, which, researchers say, trick the metabolism into thinking sugar is on its way, spike insulin levels, and shift the body from a fat-burning to a fat-storing state.
Diet soda secret #5 It makes you miss out on nutrition
While diet drinks are calorie-free, they’re also nutrition-free. That means you’re making the choice to get nothing when you could be getting something from healthy beverages like smoothies or teas. In fact, when Taiwanese researchers studied more than 1,100 people over a 10-year period, they determined that those who drank green tea had nearly 20 percent less body fat than those who drank none.
— Yahoo Mary University of London, which contributed to the research, said: “The evidence proves screening is a vital tool in increasing early diagnosis of breast cancer and therefore reducing the number of deaths.
“Despite evidence that mammography screening is effective, we still need to carry out further research on alternative screening methods, such as the promising digital breast tomosynthesis, a newly developed form of 3D imaging which could potentially improve the accuracy of mammography in coping with more dense breast tissue.
“It is also vital we continue researching the most effective ways of screening women at high risk of breast cancer due to family history or genetic status. We need further evidence to fine-tune services offered to high-risk women in terms of different screening methods, from an earlier age and possibly at shorter intervals.”
Professor Julietta Patnick, director of the NHS Cancer Screening Programmes, said: “The team of experts working on this update weighed up both the benefits and harms of breast screening and found a net benefit from inviting women.”
Samia al Qadhi, chief executive at Breast Cancer Care, said: “The sooner breast cancer is diagnosed, the more effective treatment is likely to be. However, it’s estimated that for every life saved, three women will have unnecessary, often difficult treatment.
“Women must have access to clear information about screening so they can make an informed choice about whether to attend.” — Daily Mail
Breast screening can cut cancer deaths by 40 percent among middle-aged women.