Mam­mo­grams cut deaths by 40 per­cent

Lesotho Times - - Health -

It sends your body seek­ing calo­ries

“Ar­ti­fi­cial sweet­en­ers af­fect our sense of sati­ety,” says Is­abel Smith, MS RD CDN, of Is­abel Smith Nutri­tion. “Our bod­ies have evo­lu­tion­ar­ily de­vel­oped to ex­pect a large amount of calo­ries when we take in some­thing ex­ceed­ingly sweet, and those ar­ti­fi­cial sweet­en­ers are from 400 times to 8,000 times sweeter than sugar. It causes a cou­ple things to hap­pen: The mus­cles in your stom­ach re­lax so you can take in food, and hor­mones are re­leased. With ar­ti­fi­cial sweet­en­ers, your body says, ‘Wait a minute, you told me you were go­ing to give me all this high-calo­rie food.’ It can ac­tu­ally send some peo­ple search­ing for more food, out of lack of sat­is­fac­tion.”

For snack ideas that will re­ally sat­isfy with­out added sugar, check out these 50 LON­DON — Breast screen­ing can cut can­cer deaths by 40 per­cent among mid­dle-aged women, ac­cord­ing to a study. Data gath­ered from more than 10 mil­lion pa­tients around the world shows that invit­ing women for reg­u­lar mam­mo­grams re­ally does save lives.

The study, pub­lished in the New Eng­land Jour­nal of Medicine, will go some way to­wards end­ing a de­bate about the ef­fec­tive­ness of breast can­cer screen­ing. It found that women aged 50 to 69 — the age group in­vited for screen­ing in Bri­tain — have a 40 per­cent re­duced chance of dy­ing from breast can­cer if they have a reg­u­lar mam­mo­gram.

Some ex­perts are scep­ti­cal about the ben­e­fits of wide­spread breast can­cer screen­ing. They say catch­ing a tu­mour early can some­times lead women into hav­ing po­ten­tially harm­ful treat­ments such as ra­dio­ther­apy and chemo­ther­apy un­nec­es­sar­ily.

There are also fears about false­pos­i­tive re­sults, in which women are wrongly told they might have breast

Best Snacks for Weight Loss!

Diet soda se­cret #3 It trains your taste buds to crave sweets

Con­sum­ing su­per-sweet bev­er­ages — even if that sweet­ness comes with­out calo­ries — may lead to a high pref­er­ence for sweet­ness over­all. That means you’re more likely to choose the bread with more sugar, the peanut but­ter with more sugar, the ice cream with more sugar… And the ef­fect may be more pro­nounced from diet drinks than from sug­ar­sweet­ened drinks, be­cause ar­ti­fi­cial sweet­en­ers are so much sweeter than real sug­ars.

Diet soda se­cret #4 It causes you to store fat

A Univer­sity of Texas study found that peo­ple who drank two or more diet so­das a day had waist-size in­creases that were six times can­cer when, in fact, they do not. The new data — com­piled by 29 ex­perts from 16 coun­tries — sug­gests the ben­e­fits of screen­ing women far out­weigh the risks. In the UK, the find­ings trans­late to about eight deaths pre­vented per 1 000 women regularly at­tend­ing screen­ing.

In Bri­tain, women aged 50 to 70 are in­vited for a mam­mo­gram ev­ery three years. The study also found that women aged 70 to 74 have a slightly re­duced chance of breast can­cer deaths. They found lit­tle ben­e­fit in screen­ing be­fore the age of 50.

Over­all, the re­searchers said screen­ing de­tects breast can­cers that would never have been di­ag­nosed or caused harm if the women had not been screened.

Breast can­cer is the most com­mon type of can­cer in the UK, and 50 000 women are di­ag­nosed ev­ery year, the ma­jor­ity older than 50. The re­search was co-or­di­nated by the In­ter­na­tional Agency for Re­search in Can­cer, the World Health Or­gan­i­sa­tion’s spe­cialised can­cer agency.

Pro­fes­sor Stephen Duffy of Queen greater than non-drinkers. Diet drinks are loaded with de­cep­tively sweet ar­ti­fi­cial sweet­en­ers, which, re­searchers say, trick the me­tab­o­lism into think­ing sugar is on its way, spike in­sulin lev­els, and shift the body from a fat-burn­ing to a fat-stor­ing state.

Diet soda se­cret #5 It makes you miss out on nutri­tion

While diet drinks are calo­rie-free, they’re also nutri­tion-free. That means you’re mak­ing the choice to get noth­ing when you could be get­ting some­thing from healthy bev­er­ages like smooth­ies or teas. In fact, when Tai­wanese re­searchers stud­ied more than 1,100 peo­ple over a 10-year pe­riod, they de­ter­mined that those who drank green tea had nearly 20 per­cent less body fat than those who drank none.

— Ya­hoo Mary Univer­sity of Lon­don, which con­trib­uted to the re­search, said: “The ev­i­dence proves screen­ing is a vi­tal tool in in­creas­ing early di­ag­no­sis of breast can­cer and there­fore re­duc­ing the num­ber of deaths.

“De­spite ev­i­dence that mam­mog­ra­phy screen­ing is ef­fec­tive, we still need to carry out fur­ther re­search on al­ter­na­tive screen­ing meth­ods, such as the promis­ing dig­i­tal breast to­mosyn­the­sis, a newly de­vel­oped form of 3D imag­ing which could po­ten­tially im­prove the ac­cu­racy of mam­mog­ra­phy in cop­ing with more dense breast tis­sue.

“It is also vi­tal we con­tinue re­search­ing the most ef­fec­tive ways of screen­ing women at high risk of breast can­cer due to fam­ily history or ge­netic sta­tus. We need fur­ther ev­i­dence to fine-tune ser­vices of­fered to high-risk women in terms of dif­fer­ent screen­ing meth­ods, from an ear­lier age and pos­si­bly at shorter in­ter­vals.”

Pro­fes­sor Juli­etta Pat­nick, di­rec­tor of the NHS Can­cer Screen­ing Pro­grammes, said: “The team of ex­perts work­ing on this up­date weighed up both the ben­e­fits and harms of breast screen­ing and found a net ben­e­fit from invit­ing women.”

Samia al Qadhi, chief ex­ec­u­tive at Breast Can­cer Care, said: “The sooner breast can­cer is di­ag­nosed, the more ef­fec­tive treat­ment is likely to be. How­ever, it’s es­ti­mated that for ev­ery life saved, three women will have un­nec­es­sary, of­ten dif­fi­cult treat­ment.

“Women must have ac­cess to clear in­for­ma­tion about screen­ing so they can make an in­formed choice about whether to at­tend.” — Daily Mail

Breast screen­ing can cut can­cer deaths by 40 per­cent among mid­dle-aged women.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Lesotho

© PressReader. All rights reserved.