VW to re­fit cars hit by emis­sions scan­dal

Lesotho Times - - Motoring -

ve­hi­cle when equipped with a man­ual trans­mis­sion is usu­ally su­pe­rior for a num­ber of rea­sons; most pre­dom­i­nantly due to gear ra­tios and the avail­abil­ity for more pre­cise shift­ing.

To ex­plain, if you own a car that re­ceives 200 horse­power @ 7000 RPM, but your au­to­matic trans­mis­sion will up-shift un­der full throt­tle at only 6000 RPM, you prob­a­bly will never feel the full amount of power that your en­gine was made to of­fer.

So, your en­gine may be stamped with a 200 horse­power rat­ing, but be­cause your car is equipped with an au­to­matic that up-shifts too soon, you may be miss­ing up to 20 per­cent of avail­able power.

On the other side, with most man­ual trans­mis­sions, you can usu­ally take the en­gine revs to red line or past it. This en­ables you to get the most power pos­si­ble to the front, rear, or all four wheels un­der full throt­tle take-offs.

If you want a car for power, but some­one who uses it for ev­ery­day driv­ing also uses it, con­sider a semi­au­to­matic trans­mis­sion. These trans­mis­sions are called dif­fer­ent names from one man­u­fac­turer to another.

Usu­ally, they’re found on the

BER­LIN –– Volk­swa­gen an­nounced plans on Tues­day to re­fit up to 11 mil­lion ve­hi­cles and over­haul its name­sake brand to try to move on from the scan­dal over its cheat­ing on diesel emis­sions tests.

new Chief ex­ec­u­tive Matthias Mueller said the Ger­man car­maker would ask cus­tomers “in the next few days” to have diesel ve­hi­cles that con­tained illegal soft­ware re­fit­ted, a move which some an­a­lysts have said could cost more than $6.5 bil­lion.

europe’s big­gest car­maker has ad­mit­ted cheat­ing in diesel emis­sions tests in the United States and Ger­many’s trans­port min­is­ter says it also ma­nip­u­lated them in europe, where Volk­swa­gen sells about 40 per­cent of its ve­hi­cles. The com­pany is un­der huge pres­sure to ad­dress the worst busi­ness cri­sis in its 78-year history, which has wiped more than a third off its mar­ket value, sent shock waves through the global car mar­ket and could harm Ger­many’s econ­omy. sport mod­els. Ba­si­cally they are an au­to­matic trans­mis­sion with the op­tion to go man­ual. If you go into man­ual mode, it won’t be the com­mon gearshift with 5 op­tions, and you shift up, down, left, right, and that, but one with a + on the top and a - on the bot­tom.

You push the shifter to­wards the + mark to shift up, and pull to­wards the - mark to down­shift.

De­ter­mine fuel econ­omy If you an­swered yes, then go­ing with a man­ual trans­mis­sion is prob­a­bly go­ing to be your best bet, although it is far from your only choice.

Many newer cars with au­to­mat­ics have an EPA rat­ing of only 1 or 2 MPG less than the same model car equipped with the man­ual. with ev­ery­thing in life, there are ex­cep­tions to this rule.

Some ve­hi­cles get bet­ter mileage (5 mpg or more) as an au­to­matic com­pared to the man­ual, most no­tably in Toy­otas like RAV4, and the PT Cruiser.

If this is the case, most peo­ple are not go­ing to save a sig­nif­i­cant amount of money on fuel costs go­ing with the 5-speed man­ual (es­pe­cially if you do a lot of city driv­ing).

Since the ma­jor­ity of driv­ers do

“we are fac­ing a long trudge and a lot of hard work,” Mueller told a closed-door gath­er­ing of about 1,000 top man­agers at Volk­swa­gen’s wolfs­burg head­quar­ters late on Mon­day.

“we will only be able to make progress in steps and there will be set­backs,” he said, ac­cord­ing to a text seen by Reuters.

Mueller was ap­pointed CEO on Fri­day to re­place Martin win­terkorn. Ger­man pros­e­cu­tors said on Mon­day they were in­ves­ti­gat­ing win­terkorn over al­le­ga­tions of fraud. not man­u­ally shift for econ­omy (or know how to), the 1 or 2 MPG that is lost with the au­to­matic can easily be gained.

Think main­te­nance/re­pair costs even though the automotive world has come ex­tremely far with re­fin­ing au­to­matic trans­mis­sions, most au­to­matic trans­mis­sions still need to be ser­viced far more of­ten than man­ual trans­mis­sions (some auto man­u­fac­tur­ers state that their man­ual trans­mis­sions never have to be ser­viced with fluid changes, etc.

Man­ual trans­mis­sions are also usu­ally slightly/much cheaper to fix when some­thing me­chan­i­cal goes hay­wire.

This is not al­ways the case, but on av­er­age, a man­ual trans­mis­sion will cost you less to re­pair than an au­to­matic in the same type of ve­hi­cle.

The clutch disc in man­ual trans­mis­sions does need to be re­placed on oc­ca­sion. There are many fac­tors that de­ter­mine how long a clutch will last such as driv­ing style, the ma­te­rial the clutch disc is made of, and the amount of city-ver­sus-high­way driv­ing.

Clutch re­place­ment is of­ten a

The cri­sis is an em­bar­rass­ment for Ger­many, which has for years held up Volk­swa­gen as a model of its en­gi­neer­ing prow­ess and has lob­bied against some tighter reg­u­la­tions on au­tomak­ers. The Ger­man car in­dus­try em­ploys more than 750,000 peo­ple and is a ma­jor source of ex­port in­come.

Ger­many’s KBA watchdog had set Volk­swa­gen an Oct. 7 dead­line for it to present a plan to bring diesel emis­sions into line with the law.

Mil­lions of cars

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