Unpacking defensive driving
DEFENSIVE driving is essentially driving in a manner that utilizes safe driving strategies to enable motorists to address identified hazards in a predictable manner. These strategies go well beyond instruction on basic traffic laws and procedures.
With defensive driving classes, students learn to improve their driving skills by reducing their driving risks by anticipating situations and making safe well-informed decisions.
Such decisions are implemented based on road and environmental conditions present when completing a safe driving manoeuvre.
The sections below provide a basic outline of the information that is typically covered in defensive driving courses.
Losses from traffic crashes have both social and personal impacts. The goal of good defensive driving is to reduce the risk of accidents by properly educating students to exercise caution and good judgment while driving.
On the roadways, drivers have to deal with several factors that can affect their driving. Though some of them are beyond the control of the driver, psychological factors can be controlled by the driver if he knows what to look for and how to handle it.
Defensive driving courses tend to focus on how drivers can overcome negative psychological factors such as unneeded stress, fatigue, emotional distress and road rage.
They also offer instructions for developing a positive attitude behind the wheel and increasing your focus on the driving task.
Driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol continues to impact thousands of driv- ers each year.
While the specific effect of each drug on your body takes place in differing stages, the effect of drivers operating a vehicle while under the influence is disastrous.
A very common component of all defensive driving courses is education about the role that drugs and alcohol play on roadways. Topics tend to include limits as to blood-alcohol level, how your judgment, inhibitions, motor skills and senses are affected by drugs and alcohol and the consequences of being found guilty of driving under the influence.
Dynamics of a Crash
Vehicle crashes are almost always a preventable result of a series of events. The combination of speed, place of impact and size of object being impacted can determine the severity of the crash.
In every accident, however, the act of one vehicle hitting another vehicle or other object is not the only collision that can occur.
The concept of the second collision, in which the driver and other passengers collides with the windshield, seat or other object within the car when not wearing a seat belt can be just as dangerous as the initial collision.
Defensive driving courses address the issue of vehicle crashes and second collisions by listing the elements of a crash and illustrating how the forces of impact can be avoided or limited.
Approximately half of all deaths that are result of an automobile crash could have been avoided if the victim were wearing a safety belt properly. Of course safety belts are only the most commonly thought of vehicle safety equipment. — safemotorist.com