Se­jana­mane’s paral­y­sis of anal­y­sis

Lesotho Times - - Opin­ion -

What is in­ter­est­ing here is that, at the time of the pur­ported dis­missal, Dr Mo­sisili was in the op­po­si­tion and was not even the leader of the op­po­si­tion. the ques­tion is how did he aid lt-gen Kamoli in not ac­cept­ing his dis­missal? Maybe we should be told how he did this.

the fact of the mat­ter is the last govern­ment was a coali­tion just like the cur­rent one. Even a first-year po­lit­i­cal science stu­dent knows that coali­tions are based pri­mar­ily on con­sul­ta­tion and trust.

the prin­ci­ple of con­sul­ta­tion in a coali­tion govern­ment is sacro­sanct. it is the foun­da­tion of this type of govern­ment whether in Europe, Mid­dle East or even in le­sotho. Coali­tion gov­ern­ments thrive and fall on this prin­ci­ple among many. there are many ex­am­ples in is­rael, Ger­many, Switzer­land and in­dia.

Just be­cause the cur­rent Con­sti­tu­tion of le­sotho was my­opi­cally writ­ten on this is­sue with­out clearly ex­plain­ing the work­ings of a coali­tion govern­ment, the pro­fes­sor claims that Dr tha­bane had a con­sti­tu­tional right to fire Lt-gen Kamoli uni­lat­er­ally. Even Jus­tice Mpa­phi Phumaphi says so, a strange phe­nom­e­non in­deed.

that is not how coali­tion gov­ern­ments op­er­ate. a prime min­is­ter should consult his coali­tion part­ners at all times on ma­jor is­sues such as the re­moval of the army com­man­der. this prin­ci­ple must be ad­hered to whether the ABC likes it or not.

this paral­y­sis of anal­y­sis must be chal­lenged and the public should not be given this poi­son. le­sotho had gone for an early elec­tion just two and half years af­ter the suc­cess­ful 2012 elec­tions be­cause of this mis­guided thinking.

Elec­tions are not cheap and the coun­try had to spend over M400 mil­lion be­cause of this skewed thinking. this type of paral­ysed anal­y­sis should not at all be coun­te­nanced by well-in­ten­tioned peo­ple in this coun­try. Dr tha­bane was wrong in dis­miss­ing lt-gen Kamoli with­out con­sult­ing his coali­tion part­ners since he could not act uni­lat­er­ally in a coali­tion govern­ment.

the claim that Dr Mo­sisili fears the wrath of lt-gen Kamoli is not only big joke, but an em­bar­rass­ment, from a per­son of a pro­fes­so­rial sta­tus. How can a PM fear a mere civil ser­vant like lt-gen Kamoli? this is where we query whether Pro­fes­sor Se­jana­mane is mak­ing this claim on be­half of ABC or he just elected to make a skewed anal­y­sis.

it is this type of paral­y­sis of anal­y­sis that one will ex­pect from a low level politi­cian, not a po­lit­i­cal sci­en­tist. lt-gen Kamoli is a mere civil ser­vant. He has no power or even con­sti­tu­tional sta­tus to or­der any govern­ment around.

all state in­sti­tu­tions are legally bound to stick to the laws of the land. that is what in­sti­tu­tional au­ton­omy is all about. Maybe we should re­visit our po­lit­i­cal phi­los­o­phy and demo­cratic read­ings. Peo­ple like James Stew­ard Mill and Johns locke among oth­ers can be of great as­sis­tance here.

the coali­tion govern­ment can­not be anal­o­gous to civil ser­vants. it is far above them. it can­not be re­duced to lt-gen Kamoli’s level. It is this re­duc­tion­ism that I find most un­for­tu­nate.

Prime Min­is­ter Mo­sisili and

Lt-gen Kamoli al­liance Pro­fes­sor Se­jana­mane also al­leged that Dr Mo­sisili es­tab­lished an al­liance with lt-gen Kamoli. in po­lit­i­cal science lex­i­con, there is no such an al­liance be­tween a po­lit­i­cal party leader and an in­di­vid­ual let alone be­tween a serv­ing prime min­is­ter and a civil ser­vant. Where the es­teemed pro­fes­sor got this from is baf­fling.

the 2014 Maseru Se­cu­rity ac­cord that was ad­min­is­tered by SADC mediator, South african Deputy Pres­i­dent Cyril Ramaphosa, and signed by the head of the le­sotho armed Forces, Po­lit­i­cal par­ties, Chris­tian Coun­cil of le­sotho and Ngos, clearly stated that, the next 2015 Fe­bru­ary govern­ment was go­ing to make de­ter­mi­na­tion about the fate of these three in­di­vid­u­als.

Sub­se­quent to the 2013 Maseru Se­cu­rity ac­cord, lt-gen Kamoli be­came a mo­bil­is­ing is­sue among po­lit­i­cal par­ties vy­ing for po­lit­i­cal of­fice. That is if we still be­lieve in democ­racy.

ABC and its al­liance par­ties (note the proper us­age of the word al­liance), stated clearly, to their sup­port­ers that if elected into of­fice, they would re­in­state Maa­parankoe Ma­hao and for­mer po­lice com­mis­sioner Khothatso tšooana while the Demo­cratic Con­gress (DC) and its al­liance par­ties pre­ferred ltGen Kamoli.

Con­gress par­ties were duly elected on that man­date and there was no se­cret about this. Vot­ers voted for the DC al­liance on that ba­sis. they knew and ex­pected a Dc-led govern­ment to re­in­state lt-gen Kamoli. the Fe­bru­ary 2015 elec­tions came. of course the rest is his­tory.

is this where the so called al­liance comes from? i hope the pro­fes­sor still re­calls these events clearly. it is a mis­take and po­lit­i­cally in­cor­rect to claim that the cur­rent prime min­is­ter is in an al­liance with his civil ser­vants. He is their boss and he will re­main so un­til the end of his term.

From coup d’état to at­tempted coup Since Novem­ber 2014, most peo­ple in govern­ment started com­plain­ing that Mr Ramaphosa did not ad­dress se­cu­rity chal­lenges in le­sotho. these peo­ple who were com- plain­ing were not in op­po­si­tion but in power.

What was sur­pris­ing has been that they were even claim­ing in their ral­lies that ltGen Kamoli had top­pled their govern­ment on 30th au­gust 2014. Strange enough, the govern­ment then, did not pre­fer charges of this heinous act in a democ­racy to lt-gen Kamoli but agreed to sign the Maseru Se­cu­rity ac­cord. Even af­ter los­ing elec­tions, their song was “Kamoli top­pled our govern­ment”.

Both Pro­fes­sor Se­jana­mane and Dr tha­bane have now termed the events of 30 au­gust 2014 as an at­tempted coup. Pro­fes­sor Se­jana­mane has­tened to ar­gue that the South african govern­ment was not go­ing to coun­te­nance a coup in their midst.

in the le­sotho times story “tha­bane vows not to re­turn un­til Kamoli is fired” (24 March 2016) the for­mer PM stated that “if SADC does not pro­vide me with se­cu­rity the way they did af­ter the coup at­tempt (of au­gust 2014), then those sol­diers will surely as­sas­si­nate me once i am back in le­sotho.”

So now the narrative has changed from coup to at­tempted coup. We may re­call that af­ter the op­po­si­tion re­alised that they had failed to form govern­ment, they started sell­ing the coup and se­cu­rity story to ev­ery­body.

they claimed that lt-gen Kamoli must be charged for high trea­son for top­pling a le­git­i­mate govern­ment in au­gust 2014. By the way, even the Phumaphi re­port said so re­cently. this is amaz­ing in­deed.

among all these claims of coups and at­tempted coups, no­body gives us the es­sen­tial el­e­ments of an at­tempted coup. We all know that at­tempted coups must be re­sisted by rev­o­lu­tion­ary means or by force of arms. all these were not at­tain­able dur­ing that pe­riod of the pur­ported coup.

if the pro­fes­sor and com­pany can at least give us the char­ac­ter­is­tics of an at­tempted coup at least we would put this mat­ter to bed. if only he can ex­pa­ti­ate how that mil­i­tary oper­a­tion qual­i­fies as the at­tempted coup.

What we know and what most peo­ple do not want to talk about was the im­pend­ing blood­bath that was go­ing to en­sue on 1 Septem­ber 2014 dur­ing the le­sotho Con­gress for Democ­racy (LCD) and its con­gress al­liance par­ties march for lift­ing pro­ro­ga­tion that was so un­demo­crat­i­cally evoked by the for­mer PM had the army not mounted that oper­a­tion of dis­arm­ing some po­lice el­e­ments in the Spe­cial Sup­port Unit (SSU). it is wise to dis­cuss de­vel­op­men­tal is­sues rather than these imag­i­nary coups and at­tempted coups.

The aid the­sis the pro­fes­sor now ven­tures into an­other con­tro­ver­sial is­sue of aid. We all know that aid is fun­gi­ble. it is a highly con­tested ter­rain. You win some you lose oth­ers. For ex­am­ple, in early March 2016, le­sotho got the high­est aid from the US govern­ment for com­bat­ing HIV/AIDS.

i won­der what is go­ing to be said this time around. We have won now, to­mor­row we might lose, and who knows and life goes on. of course we want to win aid all the time, but it is not al­ways the case. We may re­call that the pro­fes­sor’s leader and our for­mer PM, never dis­cussed the HIV/AIDS pan­demic in his ral­lies, it was a taboo.

to be fair to our for­mer PM, he never said any­thing of sub­stance in his ral­lies. He is a very amus­ing char­ac­ter who im­mensely en­joys en­ter­tain­ing his fol­low­ers. Never talks about pol­icy or de­vel­op­men­tal is­sues apart from look­ing down on women. in other words he lacks the sub­stance and po­lit­i­cal fi­nesse of a ma­ture politi­cian.

Death of West­phalia State Sovereignty. i’m re­ally shocked by the Pro­fes­sor’s paral­y­sis of anal­y­sis. He is sug­gest­ing that state sovereignty is dead. But we all know that de­spite the rav­ages of glob­al­i­sa­tion, the state sovereignty has re­sisted. oth­er­wise why are we con­sis­tently urg­ing coun­tries to elect lead­ers in free and fair and cred­i­ble elec­tions?

to rule who? over what? of course the West­phalia state has been al­tered, but not to the ex­tent that the 600 war changes that brought about the West­phalia treaty is to­tally mean­ing­less to­day.

i think the pro­fes­sor has lost the plot here. the state sovereignty has stub­bornly re­sisted glob­al­iza­tion and its re­gional rel­a­tives. SADC will never im­pose it­self on le­sotho or even ap­point, dis­miss any army gen­eral. that is en­tirely in the hands of the le­sotho govern­ment not as the pro­fes­sor sug­gests. SADC re­spects the sovereignty of le­sotho and that will not change.

But SADC is here to as­sist le­sotho by all means. that does not at all mean it will dic­tate to le­sotho, Ba­sotho and their govern­ment. Pro­fes­sor Se­jana­mane must un­der­stand this clearly. the West­phalia State Sovereignty is very much alive to­day.

Con­clu­sion in con­clu­sion, let me put it clearly to Pro­fes­sor Se­jana­mane; Prime Min­is­ter Mo­sisili has no fear for any­one but God and the Con­sti­tu­tion of this coun­try and its na­tion.

He does not need your good wishes but re­spect which the Con­sti­tu­tion of this coun­try de­mands from you. So keep your good wishes to your­self, but re­spect is what you mo­rally must give to ev­ery­one in this coun­try rather than mis­lead­ing them and mak­ing paral­y­sis of anal­y­sis.

l Dr Likoti is the Ad­viser Eco­nomic and Po­lit­i­cal Af­fairs to the Rt. Hon Prime Min­is­ter of the King­dom of Le­sotho

nul Pro-vice Chan­cel­lor Pro­fes­sor Mafa Se­jana­mane.

ARMY com­man­der Lt-gen Tlali kamoli.

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