Rand rattled by Trump win
JOHANNESBURG — South Africa’s rand tumbled as much as four percent on Wednesday along with other emerging market currencies after investors were rattled by a shock win for Republican Donald Trump in the fiercely-contested U.S. election.
Trump scored a surprising win over Democrat Hillary Clinton, opening a path to the White House for the political outsider seen as a risk to global growth as he has pledged to renegotiate trade deals, impose high import tariffs and stirred fears of a currency war with China.
“The question now is what will a Trump victory mean for the performance of SSA (sub-saharan Africa) markets. Near-term in any risk off environment, the ZAR (rand) is likely to be most impacted,” said Razia Khan, chief economist, Africa at Standard Chartered bank.
“As the market focus gradually shifts to the kind of policy we are likely to see, and the implications of a Republican Congress and Presidency both in favour of further fiscal stimulus, there are likely to be more meaningful implications for SSA markets.”
The US dollar, Mexican peso and world stocks began to steady in the European morning yesterday, having been hammered overnight as Donald Trump swept to victory in the US presidential election.
European shares were down less than 1% and investors were returning to other markets that had been sent into a tailspin as it became clear the Trump was set for a dramatic victory over heavily favoured Democrat Hillary Clinton.
Investors fear a Trump victory could cause global economic and trade turmoil and years of policy unpredictability, which among other things will discourage the Federal Reserve from raising interest rates in December as long expected.
“I love this country,” Trump said in a victory speech in New York. “America will no longer settle for anything less than the best.... We have a great economic plan, we will double our growth and have the strongest economy in the world.”
Sovereign bonds, the Japanese yen and gold were all giving back ground having surged as the state results had come in overnight and also sent the Mexican peso into near free fall as once again polls and betting markets proved woefully wrong.
Trump’s threats to rip up a free trade agreement with Mexico and to tax money sent home by migrants to pay for building a wall on the southern US border have made the peso particularly reactive to events in the race for the White House.
The mild reaction from European stocks was nowhere near as bad as futures markets had indicated and there were signs that the dollar, as well as other currencies and asset classes hit hard overnight, were beginning to level out.
Overnight in Sydney, Sean Cal- low, a forex strategist at Westpac, had said the market reaction had been “as though the four horsemen of the apocalypse just rode out of Trump Tower”.
The mood in early European trade was more measured, however.
“The initial reaction in markets was violent,” Saxo Bank’s head of forex strategy, John Hardy, said. “But if you look at it across markets you are seeing a pretty decent reversal off the spike.”
In the European morning, the effect was far weaker than the reaction to Britain’s vote to leave the EU in June that wiped trillions of dollars off world markets.
US stock futures were pointing to a drop of about a 2% for Wall Street later, less than half the 5% they had been warning of in Asian trade.
Trade risks As forex markets reeled, South Korean authorities were thought to have intervened to steady their currency, and dealers wondered if central banks globally would step in to calm nerves.
Japan’s top currency diplomat signalled Tokyo’s readiness to intervene if necessary as the surging yen threatened to snuff out its fragile economic recovery.
The scale of the scare was clear in the Mexican peso, which plunged more than 13% against the dollar at one point in the biggest daily move in two decades.
It was still down 9% by 9.45am GMT.
“A lot of Trump’s negative geopolitical rhetoric was concentrated around Mexico and trade with Mexico and tearing up Nafta [the North American Free Trade Agreement], so the peso just become this natural barometer of the election,” said Deutsche Bank emerging-market forex strategist Gautam Kalani. “What happens now though is all up in the air.”
The risk of a global trade war likewise hammered currencies across Asia, with the Australian dollar leading the rout.
The story was very different against the safe-haven yen, with the US dollar shedding as much as 3.3% to ¥101.85. The euro jumped 2.3% to $1.1278 as well — although both were some way from their highs in Europe of ¥103.51 and $1.1108 for the euro.
Uncertainty Asian stocks took the biggest blows, with MSCI’S broadest index of Asia-pacific stocks outside Japan falling 2.3% and the Nikkei in Tokyo closing down 5.4%.
A wealthy real-estate developer and former reality TV host, Trump rode a wave of anger toward Washington insiders to win the White House race against Clinton, the Democratic candidate
whose gold-plated establishment resume included stints as a first lady, US senator and secretary of state.
Markets had favoured Clinton as a status quo candidate who would be considered a safe pair of hands at home on the world stage. Analysts had no such certainty about Trump whose powers could be bolstered by the Republican’s control of the Senate.
“With Brexit we had one bad day but this is different. This is what’s scary about putting the most powerful position in the world in the hands of a man who many believe is temperamentally unstable,” said Donald Selkin, chief market strategist at National Securities in New York.
“His tax cuts could open up a huge increase in the budget deficit and his trade sanctions could interrupt world trade. This could put us in a recession.”
Sovereign bonds flew ahead, pushing yields on 10-year US treasury notes down as much as 12 basis points to 1.75% at one point, again the largest drop since the Brexit vote, only to whip right back up 1.87% in European trade.
In commodity markets, safe-haven gold saw big swings too, initially climbing 3.5% to $1,320/oz as the dollar slid, but then sliding back to settle below $1,300.
Oil dropped on concerns over the global economic outlook.
US crude shed $1.30 to $43.68 a barrel at its lowest, while Brent fell $1.15 to $44.89 before clawing back to $45.50 barrel.