Africa’s must-do, can-do decade

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‘Es­tab­lish­ing col­lab­o­ra­tive gover­nance” for peace­build­ing has been dis­cussed with world lead­ers at 3rd An­nual Com­mem­o­ra­tion of the Septem­ber 18th World Al­liance of Re­li­gions’ Peace (WARP) Sum­mit held by Heavenly Cul­ture, World Peace, Restora­tion of Light (HWPL) un­der the UN ECOSOC in Seoul, Repub­lic of Korea.

On the third day of the sum­mit, Septem­ber 19th, ses­sions were held to fo­cus on the re­gion and sec­tor-based peace projects.

At the 3rd In­ter­na­tional Re­li­gious Lead­ers’ Con­fer­ence, around 300 re­li­gious lead­ers who worked for in­ter­faith di­a­logues gath­ered to pro­mote har­mony of re­li­gions.

The par­tic­i­pants shared the progress re­ports of in­ter­faith meet­ings through HWPL’s WARP of­fices aim­ing to en­hance mu­tual un­der­stand­ing and de­velop peace­build­ing by re­li­gious lead­ers.

Rev. Acharya Prem Shankaranand Tirth, Hindu High Priest of Shree Geeta Ashram of Delhi, em­pha­sized the value and im­por­tance of the in­ter­faith di­a­logue based on the scrip­tures by men­tion­ing,

“The WARP Of­fice taught us how to make re­li­gions one. The true dis­cus­sion for har­mony is not just com­par­ing the knowl­edge of each other but it is a dis-

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con­trol over their re­sources and mon­e­tary where­withal to ex­ploit them ac­cord­ing to their own named pri­or­i­ties, the elected rep­re­sen­ta­tives see to the welfare of com­mu­nity, and tra­di­tional au­thor­i­ties main­tain peace and re­solve con­flicts.

It was main­tained that if each of th­ese three “driv­ers” stayed in their lane as de­fined, there would not be any of the fre­quently named col­li­sions.

The in­ter­locu­tors strongly felt that if the na­tional par­ties did not im­pose their grand con­flicts on the choice of lo­cal can­di­dates, the lo­cal pop­u­lace had a his­tory of fel­low feel­ing, mu­tual sym­pa­thy, and shar­ing that en­sured sol­i­dar­ity and re­silience to reg­u­lar crises — and their choices of per­son­al­i­ties to man­age their af­fairs was al­ways based only on proven met­tle of hon­esty in com­mu­nity af­fairs.

A case was men­tioned of main rul­ing party can­di­date who was em­i­nently known to have led “anti-peo­ple” cap­tur­ing of lo­cal fa­cil­i­ties like the bus and taxi ter­mi­nus, in­for­mal traders’ “mall” and dis­trict foot­ball ground in Leribe, whose prospec­tive elec­tion was likely to lead to a dys­func­tional council as the lo­cal com­mu­nity with its ven­dors’ as­so­ci­a­tion and other com­mu­nity or­gan­i­sa­tions were al­ready pre­par­ing for a grand show-down with him/her.

It was ve­he­mently voiced that the an­tic­i­pated reforms should per­haps also seek a na­tional con­sen­sus that lo­cal elec­tions should not field party can­di­dates, be­cause they were im­posed and the party mem­bers were vot­ing only to their head­quar­ters di­rec­tives.

Not only did party coun­cil­lors see them­selves as an­swer­ing first to their par­ties, but when par­lia­men­tar­i­ans be­came min­is­ters, they abused their pow-

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and mo­bi­lizes among Africa’s partners.

This is the mo­ti­va­tion be­hind the United Na­tions Gen­eral Assem­bly’s procla­ma­tion of the pe­riod 2016-2025 as the Third In­dus­trial Devel­op­ment Decade for Africa, or IDDA III. The United Na­tions In­dus­trial Devel­op­ment Or­ga­ni­za­tion is lead­ing the new ap­proach for the IDDA III. We are fully sup­port­ing the fo­cus on part­ner­ships for re­source mo­bi­liza­tion and of­fer a tried and tested ex­am­ple of how to im­ple­ment co­op­er­a­tion devel­op­ment the ap­proach: the Pro­gramme for Coun­try Part­ner­ship.

UNIDO’s PCP com­bines tech­ni­cal as­sis­tance with pol­icy ad­vice, stan­dards, and in­vest­ments lever­ag­ing to sup­port the de­sign and im­ple­men­ta­tion of in­dus­tri­al­iza­tion strate­gies and in­stru­ments that can make a size­able im­pact on a coun­try’s devel­op­ment.

Since 2014, the model is be­ing suc­cess­fully im­ple­mented in two African coun­tries — Ethio- tra­di­tional au­thor­i­ties thereon, and con­flict man­age­ment tech­niques.

It was felt the politi­ci­sa­tion of lo­cal govern­ment since the in­tro­duc­tion of po­lit­i­cal par­ties as council con­tes­tants (as op­posed to the Devel­op­ment Coun­cils of the Mil­i­tary Council and early Ba­su­toland Congress Party (BCP) rule) was re­spon­si­ble for bit­ter re­la­tions with the chiefs.

The chiefs con­tended that that while lo­cal govern­ment had taken away from them their means of sup­ple­ment­ing their up­keep through con­trol of lo­cal re­sources, it had also left them still sub­stan­tially re­spon­si­ble for com­mu­nity welfare as the council didn’t ex­er­cise real pow­ers nor had their own bud­gets.

The chiefs there­fore de­served equal re­mu­ner­a­tion with the coun­cil­lors, whose higher emol­u­ments sup­pos­edly made them look down on the for­mer.

They felt, how­ever that coun­cil­lors couldn’t be given more pow­ers over the com­mu­nity since they were only sea­sonal while chiefs were permanent by birth right.

They, how­ever, said while the ar­eas of re­spon­si­bil­ity some­times con­flicted — sup­pos­edly as a re­sult of the min­is­ters who were ig­no­rant about or in­com­pletely com­mit­ted to, the full essence of govern­ment- the func­tions of coun­cil­lors were de­vel­op­ments, while chiefs were over­seers of com­mu­nity af­fairs / welfare, pro­tec­tors of the law and pun­ish­ment of de­viants threat­en­ing such de­vel­op­ments and lo­cal tran­quil­lity.

The gath­er­ings were group-tasked to de­lib­er­ate on the eight (8) in­dices, and return col­lec­tive wis­dom to the ple­nary; whereat they mostly tended to­wards the pia and Sene­gal — as well as in Peru. The PCP is aligned with each coun­try’s na­tional devel­op­ment agenda and is a mul­ti­stake­holder part­ner­ship model. It is de­signed to build syn­er­gies with on­go­ing govern­ment and part­ner in­ter­ven­tions, while mo­bi­liz­ing funds and lever­ag­ing ad­di­tional in­vest­ment to­ward sec­tors with high growth po­ten­tial.

The PCP fo­cuses on a se­lect num­ber of pri­or­ity sec­tors or ar­eas that are es­sen­tial to the

(a) equal­ity of all per­sons re­gard­less of their state of abil­ity, gen­der, eco­nomic and other sta­tus; (b) co­op­er­a­tion and un­der­stand­ing in­stead of con­flict; (c) re­spect for hu­man rights in con­trast to wan­ton dis­re­gard of such rights; (d) peace­ful res­o­lu­tion of con­flicts through di­a­logue in­stead of re­sort to war.

four ar­eas of

The re­turned re­ports evinced a confident and cre­ative ap­pli­ca­tion of the ve­hi­cle of lo­cal govern­ment to es­tab­lish and sus­tain a cul­ture of peace.

It was em­pha­sised that th­ese prin­ci­ples should in­form first and fore­most the res­o­lu­tion of long-sim­mer­ing con­flicts be­tween chiefs and elected coun­cil­lors in the course of con­duct of lo­cal gover­nance — whereat was noted some par­ties ide­olo­gies were grounded on whit­tling chiefly power or elim­i­nat­ing the in­sti­tu­tion in the name of democ­racy; whereas the first pri­or­ity should at all times be to avoid oc­cur­rence of such con­flict.

Lo­cal govern­ment should en­tail truth, trans­parency in se­lec­tion of projects, award op­por­tu­ni­ties, jobs. It should in­volve ef­fec­tive com­mu­ni­ca­tion, no domination of dem­a­gogues over the “com­mon folk”; clear rules for con­duct of busi­ness and reg­u­la­tions, and un­am­bigu­ous spec­i­fi­ca­tion of tasks of coun­cil­lors, and penal­ties for de­vi­a­tion.

The lan­guage(ing) of devel­op­ment in daily in­ter­ac­tion and busi­ness should shift away from the us­age of deroga­tory nouns that de­mean so­cial groups by their char­ac­ter­is­tics.


govern­ment’s in­dus­trial devel­op­ment agenda. Pri­or­ity sec­tors are typ­i­cally se­lected based on job cre­ation po­ten­tial, avail­abil­ity of raw ma­te­ri­als, ex­port po­ten­tial, and abil­ity to at­tract in­vest­ment. Its ap­proach is de­signed to cre­ate syn­er­gies with part­ner pro­grams or projects rel­e­vant for in­dus­trial devel­op­ment in or­der to max­i­mize im­pact.

One par­tic­u­lar area of fo­cus is strate­gic part­ner­ships with fi­nan­cial in­sti­tu­tions and the busi­ness sec­tor in or­der to lever­age ad­di­tional re­sources for in­fra­struc­ture, in­dus­try, and in­no­va­tion, as well as knowl­edge, ex­per­tise, and tech­nol­ogy.

Main­stream­ing of the PCP ap­proach to other African coun­tries can be a sig­nif­i­cant con­tri­bu­tion to the suc­cess­ful im­ple­men­ta­tion of the Third In­dus­trial Devel­op­ment Decade for Africa. UNIDO stands ready to sup­port Africa on its path to in­clu­sive and sus­tain­able in­dus­trial devel­op­ment.

Yong is the di­rec­tor gen­eral of the United Na­tions In­dus­trial Devel­op­ment Or­ga­ni­za­tion

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