Italy is full of history and historical buildings; we have picked out the following which is the oldest bank i n the world. The Monte dei Paschi Bank has been i n operation continuously since 1472, and it i s headquartered in Siena, Italy. Not only is it the oldest surviving bank i n the world, but it i s still Italy's third largest bank. It has approximately 2,200 branches, 26,000 employees and 4.5 million customers. The Italians protected their money, and also knew how to use it.