ANALYSING WEAKNESSES WITH H.O.T.S. QUESTIONS
Ministry will look into improving students’ preparedness to answer them, says minister
ADIE SURI ZULKEFLI
AND HASHINI KAVISHTRI KANNAN ALOR STAR firstname.lastname@example.org
THE Education Ministry will analyse students’ weaknesses in answering general exam questions. Minister Datuk Seri Mahdzir Khalid said while the ministry was satisfied with the 2016 Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM) examination results, there was a need to analyse students’ performance in solving Higher-Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) questions.
“We will identify students’ weaknesses in handling HOTS questions and look into improving their preparedness to answer them,” he said after releasing the SPM results at SMK Kubang Rotan here yesterday.
Mahdzir said despite the dip in candidates who scored straight As, the ministry would continue to field HOTS questions in SPM, which made up 25 per cent of the total questions.
“To develop our education system, students must get used to answering HOTS questions. We want to improve the quality of students. This is in line with the spirit of the National Education Blueprint 2013-2025 to trans- form our education system.”
He said despite the drop in straight-A candidates, the overall National Average Grade (GPN) improved from 5.15 in 2015 to 5.10 last year.
A lower GPN score indicated better performance.
He said the overall GPN for both urban and rural schools also saw improvement.
He said although there was concern about the declining number of straight-A students, it was a good that some states and schools had improved their School Average Grade and State Average Grade.
“We need to analyse the results to identify why some schools did well, while others didn’t.
“We will identify the subjects the students fared poorly in for the HOTS questions and see how to improve future results.”
In Putrajaya, there was an overall improvement in the 2016 SPM results compared with 2015, Education director-general Tan Sri Dr Khair Mohamad Yusof said.
Out of 434,535 candidates who sat the exam at 3,732 examination centres last year, only 8,647 scored straight As, compared with 9,721 in 2015.
“Only 102 students, or 1.94 per cent, achieved straight A+, compared with 163 students, or 2.6 per cent, in 2015.
“The number of students who scored A and A- also decreased, with 2.13 per cent last year compared with 2.38 per cent in 2015,” he said at the announcement of the 2016 SPM Results Analysis at the ministry’s headquarters.
Despite the drop in the number of students scoring straight As, he said students’ individual performance in the exam was much better than in 2015.
“Although the number of students scoring straight As have dropped, the overall GPN has increased significantly. This means students performed better despite not scoring As.”
Khair said results in both urban and rural areas also improved, with rural students’ GPN improving by 0.08 from 5.44 in 2015, while their urban counterparts improved by 0.05 from 4.89 in 2015.
“The gap between rural and urban students has narrowed significantly, with a GPN of 0.47 last year compared with 0.50 in 2015.
“Students in rural areas have fared very well in the last few years, mainly due to their high commitment to their studies and teachers’ dedication in ensuring candidates do well.”
A total of 340,698 students qualified for the SPM certificate.
“A total of 510 special needs students out of 873, or 58.42 per cent, also qualified for the SPM certificate,” he said, adding that eight scored straight As.
A total of 56 students out of 1,257 candidates in Putrajaya scored straight As, compared with 79 in 2015.
Khair said the results for 41 out of 73 subjects, including Bahasa Malaysia, English, Science and Islamic Studies, saw an improvement, while 28 subjects, including Mathematics, History and Moral Studies, showed a decline, and the results of four other subjects remained the same.
Education directorgeneral Tan Sri Dr Khair Mohamad Yusof (centre) with the 2016 SPM Results Analysis during a press conference in Putrajaya yesterday. With him are his deputy, Datuk Seri Khairil Awang (left), and Malaysian Examination Board examination director Dr Aliah Ahmad Shah.