Healthy mus­cles mat­ter

The Borneo Post - Good English - - News -

Did you know you have more than 600 mus­cles in your body? These mus­cles help you move, lift things, pump blood through your body, and even help you breathe.

When you think about your mus­cles, you prob­a­bly think most about the ones you can con­trol. These are your vol­un­tary mus­cles, which means you can con­trol their move­ments. They are also called skele­tal mus­cles, be­cause they at­tach to your bones and work to­gether with your bones to help you walk, run, pick up things, play an in­stru­ment, throw a base­ball, kick a soc­cer ball, push a lawn­mower, or ride a bi­cy­cle. The mus­cles of your mouth and throat even help you talk!

Keep­ing your mus­cles healthy will help you to be able to walk, run, jump, lift things, play sports, and do all the other things you love to do. Ex­er­cis­ing, get­ting enough rest, and eat­ing a bal­anced diet will help to keep your mus­cles healthy for life.

Healthy mus­cles let you move freely and keep your body strong. They help you to en­joy play­ing sports, danc­ing, walk­ing the dog, swim­ming, and other fun ac­tiv­i­ties. And they help you do those other (not so fun) things that you have to do, like mak­ing the bed, vac­u­um­ing the car­pet, or mow­ing the lawn.

Strong mus­cles also help to keep your joints in good shape. If the mus­cles around your knee, for ex­am­ple, get

1. How many mus­cles are there in the hu­man body? A 500

B 600

C 700

2. What is another name for skele­tal mus­cles? A vol­un­tary mus­cles

B strong mus­cles

C in­vol­un­tary mus­cles

3. What do healthy mus­cles help you to en­joy? 4. What could hap­pen if the mus­cles around your knee weak, you may be more likely to in­jure that knee. Strong mus­cles also help you keep your bal­ance, so you are less likely to slip or fall.

And remember the ac­tiv­i­ties that make your skele­tal mus­cles strong will also help to keep your heart mus­cle strong!

Dif­fer­ent kinds of mus­cles have dif­fer­ent jobs Skele­tal mus­cles are con­nected to your bones by tough cords of tis­sue called ten­dons. As the mus­cle con­tracts, it pulls on the ten­don, which moves the bone. Bones are con­nected to other bones by lig­a­ments, which are like ten­dons and help hold your skele­ton to­gether.

Smooth mus­cles are also called in­vol­un­tary mus­cles since you have no con­trol over them. Smooth mus­cles work in your di­ges­tive sys­tem to move food along and push waste out of your body. They also help keep your eyes fo­cused with­out your hav­ing to think about it.

Car­diac mus­cle. Did you know your heart is also a mus­cle? It is a spe­cialised type of in­vol­un­tary mus­cle. It pumps blood through your body, chang­ing its speed to keep up with the de­mands you put on it. It pumps more slowly when you’re sit­ting or ly­ing down, and faster when you’re run­ning or play­ing sports and your skele­tal mus­cles need more blood to help them do their work. are weak?

A feel sick

B feel tired

C more likely to in­jure that knee

5. Do peo­ple have con­trol over their smooth mus­cles?

6. What is another name for the heart mus­cle? A vol­un­tary mus­cle

B car­diac mus­cle

C smooth mus­cle Ex­er­cise 2

Peo­ple sel­dom feel neu­tral about po­etry. Those who love it some­times give the im­pres­sion that it is an ad­e­quate sub­sti­tute for food, shel­ter, and love. But it isn’t. Those who dis­like po­etry on prin­ci­ple some­times claim, on the other hand, that po­etry is only words and good for noth­ing. That’s not true ei­ther. When words rep­re­sent and recre­ate gen­uine hu­man feel­ings, as they of­ten do in po­etry, they can be very im­por­tant. Po­ems pro­vide, in fact, a lan­guage for feel­ing, and one of po­etry’s most in­sis­tent mer­its in­volves its at­tempt to ex­press the in­ex­press­ible. One of the joys of ex­pe­ri­enc­ing po­etry oc­curs when we read a poem and want to say, “yes, that is just what it is like; I know ex­actly what that line means but I have never been able to ex­press it so well.” Po­etry can be the voice of our feel­ings even when our minds are speech­less with grief or joy.

1. One can un­der­stand from the pas­sage that peo­ple


A sel­dom feel that po­etry is an equiv­a­lent for life


B rarely take a bi­ased opin­ion about po­etry C gen­er­ally think that po­etry ex­presses what might

oth­er­wise seem un­ut­ter­able

D never dif­fer in their opin­ions about a poem E gen­er­ally think of po­etry as ex­tremely im­por­tant

or to­tally use­less

2. One point made by the au­thor in the pas­sage is

that po­etry ..........

A tends to make the reader dis­ap­pointed

B is an ad­e­quate sub­sti­tute for food, shel­ter, and love C is only words and good for noth­ing

D of­ten cap­tures real hu­man feel­ings

E is im­pos­si­ble to be de­fined

3. The au­thor points out in the read­ing that .......... A po­etry is not closely con­cerned with feel­ings B po­ems are pri­mar­ily about how peo­ple think rather

than how peo­ple feel

C po­etry can’t be the ex­pres­sion of one’s deep­est


D few peo­ple think that po­etry is neu­tral

E po­etry tries to ex­press what peo­ple feel but find it

hard to de­scribe

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