Women may be more likely to die from heart fail­ure than men

The Borneo Post - Nature and health - - Vital Signs -

NEW RE­SEARCH sug­gests that women are at a higher risk of be­ing hos­pi­talised and dy­ing from heart fail­ure than men. Con­ducted by the Univer­sity of Ottawa Heart In­sti­tute, the new study set out to in­ves­ti­gate the dif­fer­ences in the rates of heart fail­ure, hos­pi­tal ad­mis­sion and death from heart fail­ure be­tween men and women. The re­searchers looked at 90,707 pa­tients over the age of 40 who were di­ag­nosed with heart fail­ure in On­tario be­tween 2009 and 2014.

They found that from the to­tal group of pa­tients di­ag­nosed with the con­di­tion, 47 per cent were fe­male, whom were also more likely to be older, frailer, to have a lower in­come, and to have mul­ti­ple chronic ill­nesses such as asthma, di­a­betes, or high blood pres­sure.

In ad­di­tion, women were also more likely than men to be hos­pi­talised for heart fail­ure, with 98 women per 1000 hos­pi­tal­ized in 2013 com­pared with 91 per 1000 men, and within one year of fol­low-up af­ter di­ag­no­sis, 16.8 per cent (7156) women died com­pared with 14.9 per cent (7138) men.

“We found that mor­tal­ity from heart fail­ure re­mains high, es­pe­cially in women; that hos­pi­tal ad­mis­sions for heart fail­ure de­creased in men but in­creased in women; and that women and men had dif­fer­ent as­so­ci­ated co­mor­bidi­ties,” added the re­searchers. “Fur­ther stud­ies should fo­cus on sex dif­fer­ences in health-seek­ing be­hav­ior, med­i­cal ther­apy and re­sponse to ther­apy to im­prove out­comes in women.”

Swedish re­search pub­lished just last week also high­lighted the im­por­tance of ge­net­ics in the risk of heart fail­ure, find­ing that hered­i­tary fac­tors are be­hind 26 per cent of all cases of heart fail­ure in the coun­try. How­ever, the re­searchers also com­mented that life­style fac­tors are still im­por­tant and an in­di­vid­ual’s risk of the con­di­tion of­ten de­pends on a com­bi­na­tion of sev­eral risk fac­tors. The re­sults can be found pub­lished on­line in CMAJ (Cana­dian Med­i­cal As­so­ci­a­tion Jour­nal). –Re­laxnews

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