Fore­head wrin­kles could mean higher risk of car­dio is­sues

The Borneo Post - Nature and health - - Front Page -

NEW RE­SEARCH has con­cluded that the num­ber of deep fore­head wrin­kles a per­son has may be linked to hav­ing a higher risk of death from car­dio­vas­cu­lar dis­ease (CVD). Car­ried out by re­searchers at the Cen­tre Hospi­tal­ier Univer­si­taire de Toulouse in France, the new study looked at 3,200 adults to see if hor­i­zon­tal fore­head wrin­kles, which are a vis­i­ble marker of age, were also a marker for as­sess­ing CVD risk.

The par­tic­i­pants, who were aged 32, 42, 52 and 62 at the be­gin­ning of the study, were all as­signed scores de­pend­ing on the num­ber and depth of wrin­kles on their fore­heads, with a score of zero mean­ing no wrin­kles and a score of three in­di­cat­ing “nu­mer­ous deep wrin­kles.” Dur­ing a fol­low-up of 20 years, 233 par­tic­i­pants died of var­i­ous causes, of whom 15.2 per cent had a score of two and three wrin­kles. 6.6 per cent had a score of one wrin­kle and 2.1 per cent had no wrin­kles.

Af­ter tak­ing into ac­count po­ten­tially in­flu­enc­ing fac­tors such as age, gen­der, smok­ing sta­tus, blood pres­sure, heart rate, and di­a­betes, the re­searchers found that those with a wrin­kle score of one had a slightly higher risk of dy­ing of car­dio­vas­cu­lar dis­ease than peo­ple with no wrin­kles, while those who had wrin­kle scores of two and three had al­most 10 times the risk of dy­ing com­pared with peo­ple who had wrin­kle scores of zero.

Although the re­searchers noted that as­sess­ing fore­head wrin­kles is not a bet­ter method of as­sess­ing car­dio­vas­cu­lar risk us­ing ex­ist­ing meth­ods, such as mea­sur­ing blood pres­sure and lipid lev­els, they could be an easy, quick, and low-cost way to iden­tify peo­ple those who may be at a higher risk.

“You can’t see or feel risk fac­tors like high choles­terol or hy­per­ten­sion,” said study au­thor Yolande Esquirol, “We ex­plored fore­head wrin­kles as a marker be­cause it’s so sim­ple and vis­ual. Just look­ing at a per­son’s face could sound an alarm, then we could give ad­vice to lower risk.”

“Of course, if you have a per­son with a po­ten­tial car­dio­vas­cu­lar risk, you have to check clas­si­cal risk fac­tors like blood pres­sure as well as lipid and blood glu­cose lev­els, but you could al­ready share some rec­om­men­da­tions on life­style fac­tors.”

Although fore­head wrin­kles may sound like an un­usual sign of CVD, pre­vi­ous re­search has al­ready looked at whether vis­i­ble signs of age­ing may be an in­di­ca­tor of CVD, find­ing a link be­tween male-pat­tern bald­ness, ear­lobe creases, xan­the­lasma (pock­ets of choles­terol un­der the skin) and a higher risk of heart dis­ease, although not with an in­creased risk of death.

How­ever, crow’s feet, the wrin­kles around the eyes, have not been linked with CVD risk, though these wrin­kles are a re­sult of fa­cial move­ments and not just age­ing, which is a fac­tor in CVD risk. – Re­laxnews

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