Enjoying plantains — bananas’ more versatile cousins
PLANTAINS are often mistaken for bananas. Huge ones. “I think that people don’t really get plantains because they do assume they’re like a banana,” says food writer, radio producer and cookbook author Von Diaz. In fact, plantains have a lot more in common with potatoes than bananas. “All cultures have their starches,” Diaz says, and in Latin America and the Caribbean, plantains are a featured starch. Plantains are especially versatile because as the outside colour changes, so does the flavour, colour and texture of the flesh.
Good news: Plantains are about as inexpensive as bananas. When choosing what to buy, look for green plan- tains that are solid and full, according to Maricel Presilla’s “Gran Cocina Latina: The Food of Latin America.” The half-ripe will be firm and starting to turn yellow with black spots. Fully ripe are yellow and then black, getting softer and sweeter as they darken.
Know the stages
Plantains are harvested when they are green, at which point the flavour is earthy, vegetal and funky, Diaz says. Unlike even an unripe banana, there is no hint of sweetness. Yellow (amarillo) and black (maduro) plantains can be used in many sweet or savoury preparations, she says. That can include baking, grilling, sauteing and boiling. Keep in mind the general rule that the riper the plantains are, the quicker they will cook. Ripe plantains can be peeled almost the same way as a banana - just cut off the ends first. Green are another matter. “It’s very normal for it to be difficult to get the skin off,” Diaz says. First, cut the ends off with a sharp knife.
Then do three slits down the length of the peel, trying not to pierce the flesh. Then get under the peel and pry it off, with your fingers, a knife, spoon handle or whatever feels most comfortable and least likely to injure you. Another option that works with some recipes, according to Presilla: Boil the plantains first, for 20 to 40 minutes, depending on the ripeness. Be sure to get all the underside of the skin off, because it can turn bitter in cooking. “The list is kind of endless” as to what you can make with plantains, Diaz says. Fried plantains that are mashed serve as the base of mofongo, a classic Puerto Rican dish that includes fried pork skin and can be topped with a variety of meats and vegetables.
Pan-fried plantains are certainly an option, cooked in a couple of tablespoons of oil on both sides until they’re browned but not burned. Diaz suggests adding plantains to soups or stews as you would potatoes. You can even include slices of ripe and unripe to get a contrast of flavour and texture. Another low lift: roasting whole in the oven. In her cookbook “Coconuts and Collards: Recipes and Stories from Puerto Rico to the Deep South,” Diaz suggests boiling whole peeled plantains for 20 to 25 minutes before roasting at 350 degrees for the same amount of time after you have cut a slit in the fruit and slid in a tablespoon of butter. Lastly, she broils the plantains with a glaze of dark brown sugar and butter until they darken in colour. For an even more streamlined dish, you can try the method suggested by Yvonne Ortiz in “A Taste of Puerto Rico”: Cut a two-inch slit in a whole plantain (peel on), wrap with foil and bake for 40 minutes at 400 degrees. Then peel, drizzle with olive oil and add salt. Further channel the potato similarity by boiling and mashing to serve a puree to which you can add your choice of fat or sweetener.