History of Botox
BOTOX is 21 years old this year, but the bacterium, Clostridium botulinum, from which the product is derived, was discovered as far back as 1895.
By the 1950s, scientists discovered the bacteria temporarily relaxed muscles, and so the story of Botox began. Its first medical application was in 1989 to fix crossed eyes and uncontrolled blinking.
The start of its use as a beauty treatment was accidental. An ophthalmologist in Canada treating a woman with crossed eyes noticed that it got rid of the patient’s frowns around the eye area. It was finally unleashed on the market in 2000 and has become a global phenomenon.
But that is only half the story. Botox is also used to alleviate 20 other more serious conditions including foot deformities in children with cerebral palsy; hyperhydrosis (excessive under-arm sweating) and post-stroke spasticity (twisting of limbs and hands). It is undergoing clinical trials as a treatment for weak bladders in multiple sclerosis sufferers and car-crash victims. – Guardian News & Media 2010