His­tory of Bo­tox

The Star Malaysia - Star2 - - HEALTH -

BO­TOX is 21 years old this year, but the bac­terium, Clostrid­ium bo­tulinum, from which the prod­uct is de­rived, was dis­cov­ered as far back as 1895.

By the 1950s, sci­en­tists dis­cov­ered the bac­te­ria tem­po­rar­ily re­laxed mus­cles, and so the story of Bo­tox be­gan. Its first med­i­cal ap­pli­ca­tion was in 1989 to fix crossed eyes and un­con­trolled blink­ing.

The start of its use as a beauty treat­ment was ac­ci­den­tal. An oph­thal­mol­o­gist in Canada treat­ing a woman with crossed eyes no­ticed that it got rid of the pa­tient’s frowns around the eye area. It was fi­nally un­leashed on the mar­ket in 2000 and has be­come a global phe­nom­e­non.

But that is only half the story. Bo­tox is also used to al­le­vi­ate 20 other more se­ri­ous con­di­tions in­clud­ing foot de­for­mi­ties in chil­dren with cere­bral palsy; hy­per­hy­dro­sis (ex­ces­sive un­der-arm sweat­ing) and post-stroke spas­tic­ity (twist­ing of limbs and hands). It is un­der­go­ing clin­i­cal tri­als as a treat­ment for weak blad­ders in mul­ti­ple scle­ro­sis suf­fer­ers and car-crash vic­tims. – Guardian News & Me­dia 2010

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