New lex­i­con

The Star Malaysia - Star2 - - LIFESTYLE -

“FU­NEM­PLOY­MENT,” “PI­IGS” and “bro­ken so­ci­ety” have all made their way into the Collins English Dic­tio­nary, re­flect­ing the dom­i­nance of the eco­nomic down­turn in last year’s con­scious­ness.

The lat­est tech­no­log­i­cal trends have also been cap­tured among the dozens of new in­clu­sions, which were re­vealed re­cently, with “tweet­heart,” “tweet tooth,” “tweet­out,” “iPad” and “in­tex­ti­cated” all en­ter­ing the lex­i­con.

“Fu­nem­ploy­ment” de­scribes the en­joy­ment had while on an un­fore­seen break from work and “PI­IGS” is an acro­nym for Por­tu­gal, Italy, Ire­land, Greece and Spain, the coun­tries most at risk from the Euro­pean sov­er­eign debt cri­sis.

“Bro­ken so­ci­ety” or “so­cial re­ces­sion” de­scribe the per­ceived ero­sion of moral val­ues while “ghost es­tate,” an un­fin­ished hous­ing devel­op­ment aban­doned due to the down­turn, is now in the dic­tio­nary.

So­cial net­work­ing site Twit­ter is re­spon­si­ble for the ad­di­tion of “tweet­heart,” a per­son who uses the site and is much ad­mired by other users.

“Tweet tooth” is the strong urge to post a Twit­ter update while “tweet-out” is a greet­ing sent to a friend via the on­line ser­vice.

The suc­cess of Ap­ple’s new “iPad” lap­top com­puter is ac­knowl­edged while the ad­di­tion of “in­tex­ti­cated,” which means to be dis­tracted while read­ing or writ­ing a text mes­sage, ex­poses some of technology’s draw­backs.

Lan­guage-lovers in Glas­gow whit­tled down the fi­nal list of new words af­ter feed­ing writ­ten and spo­ken ma­te­rial from news­pa­pers, web­sites, mag­a­zines, tele­vi­sion and ra­dio into a data­base over the past year.

The ob­ses­sion with celebrity cul­ture is high­lighted by the in­clu­sion of “faux­mance,” which is a non-ex­is­tent re­la­tion­ship be­tween stars con­cocted to at­tract me­dia at­ten­tion.

Pop­u­lar po­lit­i­cal terms are also in­cluded with “birther,” used to de­scribe those who be­lieve that US Pres­i­dent Barack Obama was not born in Amer­ica, mak­ing the new edi­tion.

The ad­di­tion of “Chin­done­sia“, a port­man­teau word which blends China, In­dia and In­done­sia, re­flects the shift­ing fo­cus of world trade. – AFP

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