Gram­mar books

The Star Malaysia - Star2 - - INSIGHT - Co-or­di­nated by JANE F. RA­GA­VAN english@thes­tar.com.my

IHOPE you can help me with these queries. 1. How do you pro­nounce “Maranatha”?

2. Could you please rec­om­mend a sim­ple book on pho­net­ics?

3. More than 18 months have elapsed since I placed or­ders for the fol­low­ing books with a chain book­store in Serem­ban af­ter read­ing their ad­ver­tise­ments. The books are for un­der­priv­i­leged stu­dents. These ti­tles are still un­avail­able af­ter many fol­low-ups. Can you help?

a) Mas­ter­ing English the Easy Way by Milon Nandy

b) English Es­sen­tials: the Easy Way by Milon Nandy

c) Fun­da­men­tals of English Gram­mar by Betty Azar

d) Un­der­stand­ing and Us­ing English Gram­mar by Betty Azar – Li-fahr

1. I looked up the pro­nun­ci­a­tion of Maranatha, an Ara­maic word, in howjsay. com, a pro­nounc­ing web­site, and there it is pro­nounced very much as it is writ­ten, with the a’s pro­nounced like the a’s in BM, and the th pro­nounced like the th in “thin”. But I don’t know any Ara­maic. Per­haps some­one well-versed in the New Tes­ta­ment could of­fer a more ac­cu­rate pro­nun­ci­a­tion.

www.howjsay.com/in­dex.php?word=maran atha&sub­mit=sub­mit

2. Here are the de­tails of a book you might find help­ful:

Pho­net­ics, by Peter Roach (part of Ox­ford In­tro­duc­tions to Lan­guage Study se­ries), Ox­ford Univer­sity Press 2001. ISBN: 978-0-19437239-8, Pages: 128, pa­per­back . The MPH web­site lists its price as RM29.90 and says it is “cur­rently un­avail­able”, but I know that it is in print and avail­able at the Ama­zon.co.uk on­line book­shop (at £15.20). I sug­gest you phone or write to the lo­cal branch of OUP at: Ox­ford Fa­jar 4 Jalan Pe­maju, U1/15 Seksyen U Hi­com-glen­marie In­dus­trial Park Shah Alam 40150 Se­lan­gor Tele­phone: 03-5629-4000 Fax: 03-5629-4005 This is how the book is de­scribed by the pub­lisher:

“Pho­net­ics is an es­sen­tial part of lin­guis­tics, as it is through analysing spo­ken lan­guage that lin­guis­tic data is col­lected. This book leads the reader through the main ar­eas of pho­net­ics, in­clud­ing how speech sounds are made and how pho­neti­cians clas­sify them in cer­tain ways, the In­ter­na­tional Pho­netic Al­pha­bet, and how sounds are trans­mit­ted from speaker to hearer.”

3. Both the Milon Nandy books are avail­able at MPH. You can try phoning them at their cus­tomer ser­vice hot­line at Tel: 03-2938 3818.

As for the Betty Azar books, why don’t you phone or write to the pub­lisher’s lo­cal branch at: Pear­son Malaysia Sdn Bhd (4409W) Lot 2 Jalan 215 Off Jalan Tem­pler 46050 Pe­tal­ing Jaya Se­lan­gor Tel: 03-7801 2000 I know there is a 4th edi­tion of Un­der­stand­ing and Us­ing English Gram­mar by Betty Azar and Stacey A. Ha­gen. Here are the de­tails given on their Malaysian web­site: Azar Gram­mar Fourth Edi­tion ISBN: 9780132464482 Au­thor: Betty Azar Cat­e­gory: English Lan­guage Teach­ing Group: Gram­mar Price: RM69 Year of pub­li­ca­tion: 2009 Now in a new Fourth Edi­tion, Un­der­stand­ing and Us­ing English Gram­mar of­fers ad­vanced learn­ers a range of new fea­tures in­clud­ing warm-up ac­tiv­i­ties, aca­demic read­ings, full-colour il­lus­tra­tions, new lis­ten­ing ex­er­cises and ex­panded speak­ing ex­er­cises.

Un­der­stand­ing & Us­ing English Gram­mar 4E Stu­dent Book with­out Key ISBN: 9780132464482 Price: RM69 I am sure they can give you in­for­ma­tion about the other book as well, and how you can or­der both.

I hope the above in­for­ma­tion will help you.

‘A’ be­fore a vowel

1. This is a sen­tence from a news­pa­per re­port:

... the Ed­u­ca­tion Min­istry has been fol­low­ing a “Up­hold Ba­hasa Me­layu, Strengthen Ba­hasa Ing­geris” pol­icy that had re­sulted in it...

Why isn’t “an” used be­fore “up­hold” since it starts with a vowel sound?

2. Is “peo­ple” a count­able or un­count­able noun? – Nash

1. You are right. “An” should have been used be­cause “up­hold” be­gins with a vowel sound.

2. “Peo­ple” is a plu­ral count­able noun in most of its mean­ings. We can say “ten peo­ple” or “10,000 peo­ple”, for in­stance. How­ever, in one of its mean­ings, i.e. “a par­tic­u­lar na­tion, com­mu­nity or eth­nic group” (Concise Ox­ford Dic­tionary, 2009), it is a count­able sin­gu­lar noun, with the plu­ral form, “peo­ples”. The sen­tences be­low il­lus­trate the use of “peo­ple” as a sin­gu­lar noun and “peo­ples” as its plu­ral form.

“Greeks are a proud peo­ple with pow­er­ful unions and a his­tory of street protests ...”

www.guardian.co.uk/busi­ness/2010/feb/16/ athens-greek-aus­ter­ity-mea­sures

“Hun­dreds of years ago, the lower north shore of Syd­ney was filled with for­est, owned by one of the many tribes of the Abo­rig­i­nal peo­ples.”

www.neutralbay-p.schools.nsw.edu.au/ ac­knowl­edge/in­dex.html

With or with­out ‘to’

Which of these two sen­tences is cor­rect? “Help me mop the floor.” or “Help me to mop the floor.”

When a fel­low stu­dent wrote the sen­tence with­out the “to”, the teacher marked it as a mis­take. – Stu­dent

Both sen­tences are cor­rect. The verb fol­low­ing “help” can be ei­ther a “to in­fini­tive” or a “bare in­fini­tive”. Your sen­tences above can be writ­ten in this way: “Help me (to) mop the floor.”

You can look at ex­am­ples of such sen­tences on the fol­low­ing web page:

oald8.ox­ford learn­ers­dic­tionar­ies.com/ dic­tionary/help

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