– Soft, painless noncancerous growths on the lining of the nasal passage or sinuses are called polyps, and they commonly occur due to inflammation from asthma, infection, drug sensitivity, allergies or immune disorders. Those with sinusitis ( inflammation of nasal passage) are more susceptible to developing polyps.
Larger polyps may block nasal passages and diminish the sense of smell. They are notorious for returning but can be eliminated or shrunk with medication. See a doctor if you experience a persistent runny or stuffy nose with facial pain for more than 10 days.
Nasal polyps Nasopharyngeal carcinoma
This rare type of head and neck cancer begins in the nasopharynx ( area behind the throat and towards upper part of throat) and its cause has been linked to genetic mutation caused by an Epstein- Barr infection.
The risk for this cancer is said to increase with high consumption of salt- cured fish and meat, tobacco, and alcohol, and is also influenced by genetic predisposition. Recurring ear infections, headaches, blurry vision and lumps in the neck or nose could be early warning signs.
– Otitis externa refers to an external ear infection, and is also known as the “swimmer’s ear” because
prolonged exposure to water can increase vulnerability. It causes ear pain and itchiness with possible discharge of pus, temporary hearing loss and commonly affects one ear.
On the other hand, otitis media affects the middle ear and commonly afflicts infants between six to 15 months old. A middle ear infection can present similar symptoms to external infection, and medical help should be sought if the condition does not improve naturally over the course of a few days with severe pus discharge.
– Hearing loss is common as we age, but illnesses and genetic predispostion also affect auditory senses. Repeated exposure to loud noises, including the prolonged use of earphones, makes us susceptible to hearing difficulties earlier on in life.
Illnesses such as heart disease, high blood pressure and diabetes may also interfere with blood supply to the ear, as can trauma and infections.
Early symptoms of deteriorating hearing include difficulty deciphering high- pitched sounds or following conversations over the phone and over loud background noise. Frequent ringing or hissing sounds in the ear may also occur as a symptom of hearing loss, but this is another condition known as tinnitus ( caused by damaged cochlear cells) and is not mutually exclusive to deafness.
Elizabeth Teng, who has experienced hearing impairment since a young age, has found a new lease on life thanks to hearing aid services at 20dB Hearing.