Maintain your movement
JOINTS are places in the body where two or more bones meet. A firm material called cartilage covers the end of each bone.
Cartilage acts as a cushion between bones and provides a gliding surface for joint motion. Arthritis usually refers to any joint pain or joint diseases.
Therearevarioustypesof arthritis, including:
Degenerative arthritis – Also known as wear and tear joint disease, osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common type of arthritis. It happens when the cartilage breaks down and bones start rubbing each other, causing pain, swelling and stiffness.
Inflammatory arthritis – Inflammatory arthritis happens when the immune system attacks the joints with uncontrolled inflammation, potentially causing joint erosion. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and psoriatic arthritis are examples of inflammatory arthritis.
Metabolic arthritis – When the body produces more uric acid than needed or the body cannot get rid of it quickly enough, the excess uric acid might build up and form needlelike crystals in the joint. This will result in sudden joint pain also known as gout attack.
There are some medicine that canbetakenasarthritis management:
Glucosamine – Glucosamine is an amino sugar and prominent precursor in the biochemical synthesis of glycosylated proteins and lipids, including glycosaminoglycans (GAG).
Glucosamine acts as the cartilage building block in reducing friction between joints.
Chondroitin – Chondroitin is a molecule naturally found in the body. It is a vital part of cartilage that cushions the joints, maintains cartilage elasticity by retaining water, and reduces the activityofenzymesthatbreak down cartilage.
Collagen – Type II collagen representsthelargestgroupof collagens in the cartilage. It helps to maintain the tensile strength of the cartilage or resist stretching force on the cartilage.
A combination of glucosamine and chondroitin is more effective in providing clinically meaningful and sustaining analgaesia in knee OA.
Lifestyle modifications also help to improve joint functions.
Maintaining a healthy weight – A person who is 4.53kg (10 pounds) overweight has 18.1kg (40 pounds) of extra pressure on the knees. Besides causing extra pressure on weight-bearing joints, excess fat that accumulates in the body could also release chemicals into the body that promote inflammation.
Exercise – Exercisecan help to increase flexibility, reduce joint pain and maintain a healthy weight, which helps to reduce stress on painful joints.
Someoftheexercisesthatare suitable for those facing arthritis problems include walking, stretching and swimming.
Some people might feel pain when doing exercise. However, do not stop exercising, just reduce the time and frequency slightly. Excluding exercise can make the arthritis worse, which can then cause more pain.
Diet – There is no specific diet that helps arthritis. Our joints thrive on the same healthy diet as other organs, requiring plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains and oily fish.
For people having gout problem, they need to take control of their diet by avoiding alcohol and high-purine food.
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Arthritis is a joint disease that occurs when the cartilage covering the bones is damaged.