INSTANT EXPERT: FIRST AID BASICS
What everyone should have in their emergency kit.
From a kitchen cut to a sprained ankle, stuff happens—but nearly half of us don’t keep a kit of supplies handy for emergencies. Not you, not now. 1 / Antihistamine tablets. Quickly calm bug bites, hives and allergic reactions. 2 / Adhesive bandages. Size is crucial: Teeny ones for pinkies and H-shaped for knuckles. 3 / Tourniquet. Stops severe, life-threatening bleeding when pressure isn’t doing the job. 4 / Thermometer. Disposables go under the tongue just like glass ones—but don’t break. 5 / Sterile gauze. For moderate bleeding, the hash-work material promotes clotting. 6 / Elastic bandage roll. Wrap a sprain with this bad boy to reduce swelling. 7 / Trauma pad. Superabsorbent for serious bleeding—or as a barf bag (think: carsick). 8 / Instant cold compress. No ice in sight? This chills out sports injuries or bruises. 9/ Bandage shears. Curved and blunttipped, they cut clothing or bandages safely. 10 / Latex-free gloves. Prevent crosscontamination from blood or dirty hands. 11 / Survival blanket. Heat-reflective and ultrathin, it keeps you warm and dry. 12 / Safety goggles. Shield your eyes from bodily fluids while treating an injured person. 13 & 14 / Adhesive cloth tape. These versatile rolls secure bandages, but paramedics also write treatment notes on them—or draw pictures on them to calm a frightened kid. 15 / Tweezers. Use to remove a tick or splinter, but nothing from an ear or nose. 16 & 17 / Roller bandages. After controlling bleeding with gauze, wrap this around the dressing and secure with tape. 18 / CPR mask. When doing mouth-tomouth, this barrier blocks germs and helps more oxygen get to the lungs. 19 / Anti-itch cream. Hydrocortisone keeps a rash from flaring up and soothes poison ivy. 20 / Antibiotic ointment. Wounds heal best when moistened with this and then covered. 21 / Low-dose aspirin. A possible heartattack victim chews two while you call 911. 22 & 23 / Antiseptic wipes and hand
sanitiser. Soap and water are always best, but in a pinch these can clean debris from wounds or germs from your hands.
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