What Leads To Depression?
Depression is usually triggered by a combination of factors – these include personal factors, recent or past life events, and certain changes in the brain. Many of these factors are not preventable, but leading a healthy lifestyle, and planning ahead to avoid stressful situations where possible can help
There’s a lot that experts still don’t understand about brain chemicals. Depression is not simply the result of a “chemical imbalance”, for example, because you have too much or not enough of a particular brain chemical. Factors such as genetic vulnerability, severe life stressors, some medications, drugs and alcohol, and medical conditions can all affect the way the brain regulates mood.
Family history – Some people will be at an increased genetic risk, but just because you have a close relative with depression, it doesn’t mean you will have it too. Life circumstances and other personal factors will have an important influence.
– Perfectionists, people with low self-esteem or who tend to worry a lot and are self-critical and negative may be more at risk of depression.
Illness – Having to cope with a serious illness can lead to depression, especially if you’re dealing with chronic pain. Drugs and alcohol use
– Many people with depression also have drug and alcohol problems.
Ongoing difficulties, such as long-term unemployment, living in an abusive or uncaring relationship, long-term loneliness, and prolonged work stress, are more likely to lead to depression than recent life stresses. But if you’re already at risk because of other factors, recent life events could also trigger depression, and if you have a genetic predisposition to developing the condition, it’s more likely to be triggered by a stressful situation.