What Leads To De­pres­sion?

Women's Weekly (Malaysia) - - INSPIRE -

De­pres­sion is usu­ally trig­gered by a com­bi­na­tion of fac­tors – th­ese in­clude per­sonal fac­tors, re­cent or past life events, and cer­tain changes in the brain. Many of th­ese fac­tors are not pre­ventable, but lead­ing a healthy life­style, and plan­ning ahead to avoid stress­ful sit­u­a­tions where pos­si­ble can help

Your Brain

There’s a lot that ex­perts still don’t un­der­stand about brain chem­i­cals. De­pres­sion is not sim­ply the re­sult of a “chem­i­cal im­bal­ance”, for ex­am­ple, be­cause you have too much or not enough of a par­tic­u­lar brain chem­i­cal. Fac­tors such as ge­netic vul­ner­a­bil­ity, severe life stres­sors, some med­i­ca­tions, drugs and al­co­hol, and med­i­cal con­di­tions can all af­fect the way the brain reg­u­lates mood.

Per­sonal Fac­tors

Fam­ily his­tory – Some peo­ple will be at an in­creased ge­netic risk, but just be­cause you have a close rel­a­tive with de­pres­sion, it doesn’t mean you will have it too. Life cir­cum­stances and other per­sonal fac­tors will have an im­por­tant in­flu­ence.

Per­son­al­ity traits

– Per­fec­tion­ists, peo­ple with low self-es­teem or who tend to worry a lot and are self-crit­i­cal and neg­a­tive may be more at risk of de­pres­sion.

Ill­ness – Hav­ing to cope with a se­ri­ous ill­ness can lead to de­pres­sion, es­pe­cially if you’re deal­ing with chronic pain. Drugs and al­co­hol use

– Many peo­ple with de­pres­sion also have drug and al­co­hol prob­lems.

Life Fac­tors

On­go­ing dif­fi­cul­ties, such as long-term un­em­ploy­ment, liv­ing in an abu­sive or un­car­ing re­la­tion­ship, long-term lone­li­ness, and pro­longed work stress, are more likely to lead to de­pres­sion than re­cent life stresses. But if you’re al­ready at risk be­cause of other fac­tors, re­cent life events could also trig­ger de­pres­sion, and if you have a ge­netic predisposition to de­vel­op­ing the con­di­tion, it’s more likely to be trig­gered by a stress­ful sit­u­a­tion.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Malaysia

© PressReader. All rights reserved.