Mansur Ak­bu­lut

The suc­cess­ful use of tech­nol­ogy in ed­u­ca­tion is not some­thing new. Most of the stu­dents have been re­ceiv­ing ed­u­ca­tion in the class­rooms with tech­no­log­i­cal sup­port such as smart boards, pro­jec­tions, tablets and so on. Yet, these tech­nolo­gies are mostly us

Malta Independent - - WORLD -

Eric Mazur, one of the physics pro­fes­sors at Har­vard Univer­sity, de­scribes learn­ing in two steps. The first is that of trans­fer­ring in­for­ma­tion to stu­dents through ed­u­ca­tion or other sources, and the sec­ond is the in­ter­nal­i­sa­tion of the in­for­ma­tion by stu­dents. In the tra­di­tional ed­u­ca­tion sys­tem, ed­u­ca­tors trans­fer the in­for­ma­tion that is rel­a­tively easy to learn by their stu­dents, and then are left alone with their home­work and projects in a more dif­fi­cult process that is the in­ter­nal­i­sa­tion of in­for­ma­tion. In the Flipped Learn­ing method, on the other hand, trans­fer of in­for­ma­tion is pro­vided by com­ple­men­tary ma­te­ri­als that are pre­pared by the in­struc­tor be­fore the class such as videos, pre­sen­ta­tions, doc­u­ments, and images. Thus, the class be­comes a dy­namic and an in­ter­ac­tive learn­ing space where the teacher guides the stu­dents in ap­ply­ing the concepts they have just learned on­line and stu­dents cre­atively work on the sub­ject with through group work, dis­cus­sions and peer feed­back.

In brief, the tra­di­tional teach­ing pro­cesses are in­verted by pro­vid­ing stu­dents on­line in­struc­tional con­tents in Flipped Learn­ing. The ba­sic idea be­hind us­ing this method is to cre­ate a learn­ing en­vi­ron­ment of stu­dent-cen­tred team­work, re­search, cre­ativ­ity, and prob­lem­solv­ing ac­tiv­i­ties take place.

Ac­cord­ing to the re­search, the ap­pli­ca­tion of the Flipped Learn­ing method brings more pos­i­tive re­sults when com­paredto more tra­di­tional meth­ods. Ad­van­tages the Flipped method in­clude: • Stu­dents get more con­fi­dent be­cause they know ba­sic in­for­ma­tion about the sub­ject just be­fore the class time. Learn­ing

• The speed of com­pre­hen­sion

• Stu­dents post their ques­tions in an elec­tronic en­vi­ron­ment. Thus, in­struc­tors come to class with the best an­swers. Even some­times, the ques­tions can be an­swered by peers.

• The in­ter­ac­tion and per­sonal con­tact be­tween stu­dents and in­struc­tors be­come more.

• Lessons will be eas­ier to un­der­stand be­cause the lessons will be in­ter­ac­tive and ap­plied. It means stu­dents con­vert the­o­ret­i­cal in­for­ma­tion into prac­tice.

• Thanks to team­work and dis­cus­sions, there will be an en­vi­ron­ment where stu­dents will take more re­spon­si­bil­ity and all stu­dents are ac­tive in the class­room. It is not pos­si­ble for stu­dents to be in­dif­fer­ent to the les­son.

• Stu­dents who can­not at­tend classes due to com­pul­sory rea­sons such as ill­ness, sports and club ac­tiv­i­ties do not fall be­hind.

• Fam­i­lies have a chance to take a look at on­line con­tents. They are able to help if their chil­dren do not un­der­stand any sub­ject.

The Flipped Learn­ing method is not as com­mon as it should be. Maybe we can­not see this method in ev­ery place of ed­u­ca­tion but one can start from a point if in­ter­ested in Flipped Learn­ing. Ed­u­ca­tors may not be able to up­load the con­tents of your class to an on­line plat­form but stu­dents still have a chance to ex­pe­ri­ence this method by watch­ing or read­ing the other ma­te­ri­als that were not pre­pared by your teacher be­fore the class time. Both ed­u­ca­tors and stu­dents can ob­serve the change if they do this, and can de­cide whether it fits the stu­dent or not. In ad­di­tion, teach­ers work­ing in the tra­di­tional method can try Flipped Learn­ing and no­tice the change. To­day, it is not hard to find an on­line plat­form to up­load ma­te­ri­als and di­rect stu­dents to this plat­form.

As a sum­mary, it seems that nu­mer­ous ben­e­fits can be gained by shift­ing to Flipped Learn­ing from more tra­di­tional method. The con­cept of “Home­work at School, Lessons at Home” will be­come more pop­u­lar in the places of mod­ern ed­u­ca­tion in the near fu­ture.

Mansur Ak­bu­lut is an Eras­mus+ In­tern from Ankara YıldırımBeyazıtÜniver­sitesi. Mansur is an in­tern with eSkills Malta Foun­da­tion.

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