He­roes in the Fight for Mex­i­can In­de­pen­dence (Part II)

The sec­ond in our two part se­ries about some of the im­por­tant Mex­i­can par­tic­i­pants in the war for in­de­pen­dence from Spain

The Playa Times Riviera Maya's English Newspaper - - Art & Culture - BY ALEJANDRA CAM­POS RAMOS,

Many brave men and women de­fended the in­sur­gent cause, some even gave their lives in or­der to gain in­de­pen­dence from Spain. Some sup­ported Fer­nando VII, King of Spain from 1808-1833, and some un­der­stood the truth about sovereignty, lib­erty, and the rights of mankind and a na­tion.

Mar­i­ano Jiménez (1781-1811)

Engi­neer by pro­fes­sion, orig­i­nally from San Luis Po­tosí. He was liv­ing in Gua­na­ju­ato, and he joined the in­sur­gent cause and used his mil­i­tary tal­ent to rise to the rank of Gen­eral. He was shot in 1811. His head was cut off in the same fate as Miguel Hidalgo and Ig­na­cio Al­lende in the Al­hóndiga de Grana­di­tas.

An­drés Quin­tana Roo (1787-1851)

A lawyer orig­i­nally from Merida, Yu­catan. He sup­ported the in­sur­gent cause through the press. He held im­por­tant posts in the gov­ern­ment and de­fended fed­er­al­ism af­ter the War for In­de­pen­dence was won. He was also well known for his literary works and his good work in the gov­ern­ment up un­til his death. His spouse was Leona Vi­cario.

Vi­cente Guer­rero (1782-1831)

A mes­tizo of hum­ble ori­gin. He is well known for his great show of valor from the be­gin­ning to the end of the in­sur­gent fight. His phrase “Fa­ther, the Home­land comes first”, upon re­ject­ing the par­don is­sued by the author­i­ties through his own fa­ther, who was then shot as a re­sult of his own son’s re­fusal to turn him­self in. Af­ter be­ing be­trayed, he was caught and taken to Hu­at­ulco, Oax­aca, to a place called La En­trega, where he was handed over and then taken to the vil­lage of Cuilapa, where he was shot. There is a church in this lo­ca­tion which is in ru­ins but still has beau­ti­ful ar­chi­tec­ture and fres­cos.

Leona

Vi­cario

(1789-1842)

This woman do­nated her for­tune to the in­sur­gent cause, be­sides alert­ing them to in­for­ma­tion about the roy­al­ist army. She was taken pris­oner but later man­aged to es­cape. Her help was rec­og­nized at the con­clu­sion of the war. To­day, one of the re­gions of Quin­tana Roo is named af­ter her.

José Ma. More­los y Pavón, “Ser­vant of the Na­tion” (1789-1842)

Mes­tizo priest of African de­scent. Orig­i­nally from More­lia (for­merly Val­ladolid) in the state of Mi­choa­can, to many he is the true ide­ol­ogy and strat­egy of the in­de­pen­dence move­ment. In an ironic twist, years later his own son went to France look­ing for an em­peror to gov­ern Mexico. The first laws of the new coun­try of Mexico were owed to him, and were es­tab­lished in the doc­u­ment “Feel­ings of a Na­tion” (Sen­timien­tos de la Nación), bring­ing to light lib­eral, anti-slav­ery and hu­man rights ideas; although he still de­fended Catholi­cism, he still crit­i­cized it. From the be­gin­ning of the fight for in­de­pen­dence, he demon­strated great strength and brav­ery on the bat­tle­field, and also demon­strated his great ca­pac­ity for mil­i­tary strat­egy. He was named a high rank­ing gen­eral. Ac­cord­ing to leg­end, news of his brav­ery reached the ears of Napoleon who said “Give me 100 More­los and I con­quer the world!” More­los went down in history as “Ser­vant of the Na­tion”, due to his in­ter­est in ser­vice to his coun­try and fel­low man. To­day, the city of More­lia in Mi­choa­can and the state of More­los bear his name in his honor. Even Max­i­m­il­ian hon­ored him by build­ing a statue in More­los’ honor.

Photos: Wikipedia

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