Sian Ka’an Struggles
Against Climate Change
The Sian Ka’an protected area comprises the Sian Ka’an Biosphere Reserve, Sian Ka’an Reef Biosphere Reserve, and the Uaymil Area for Flora and Fauna Protection, covering a total of over 650 thousand hectares (1.6 million acres). In 2003, due to its unique ecosystems, the reserve was declared a Ramsar Wetland of International Importance, a list that includes more than 2,000 protected wetlands globally. Sian Ka’an was awarded UNESCO World Heritage Site status in 1987.
According to CONANP, temperatures will increase by 3°C in the Caribbean wetlands over coming years. It is also predicted that intensifying hurricane damage, rising sea levels, and storm surges will cause the existing, and highly vulnerable, coastal wetlands to reduce by 10 to 15 percent.
Sian Ka’an Biosphere Reserve/ Photos: Flickr