UB BANS HIGH-EMISSION VEHICLES TO TACKLE AIR POLLUTION
Ulaanbaatar has started imposing fines and a ban on the movement of high-emission cars in an effort to improve air quality, officials report. The National Auto Transportation Center, Traffic Police Department and Ulaanbaatar Air Quality Department are enforcing the new traffic regulation on vehicle emission.
Reportedly, 88 percent of total vehicles, more specifically 437,000 cars, driving in the capital have undergone technical inspections and diagnostics. Out of 9,531 vehicles that failed the inspection,1,229 failed due to high emission level, 5,284 for external damages, 2,067 for signs of brake failure, 3,043 for steering wheel problems, 2,610 for headlight problems, and 63 for exceeding permitted exhaust noise level.
Legislations on vehicles and traffic movement prohibits the use of vehicles that don’t meet related standards. The traffic police monitors traffic movement through surveillance cameras of the Ulaanbaatar Traffic Control Center and sends notifications of penalty to residential addresses of those who violate traffic regulations.
Officials stated that drivers who haven’t undergone vehicle inspections are being fined and reminded car owners who didn’t get their cars inspected and diagnosed within the appointed time to have it done as soon as possible.
The traffic police advised drivers to regularly check whether they have breached any traffic rule through the smartphone application, or the website www.transdep.mn.
Ulaanbaatar officials have been taking various measures to curb emissions from coal consumption and cars to reduce smog in the city, which has been branded “one of the world’s most heavily polluted cities”.
The majority of air pollution, specifically 80 percent, in the capital is attributed to coal burning for heat in gers, followed by vehicle emission (10 percent), thermal power plants (six percent), and industrial solid waste (four percent), according to the World Health Organization (WHO)
The levels of fine particulate matter (PM2.5), which is detrimental to human health, have been recorded to be up to 80 times higher than WHO guidelines in Mongolia, and the organization predicts that the situation will worsen over the next 10 years.
Last December, the level of PM 2.5 peaked at 1,985 micrograms per cubic meter when WHO recommends PM2.5 exposure of no more than 25 micrograms per cubic meter on average over a 24-hour period.
Around 10 percent of air pollution in UB is attributed to car emission