Ulaan­baatar has started im­pos­ing fines and a ban on the move­ment of high-emis­sion cars in an ef­fort to im­prove air qual­ity, of­fi­cials re­port. The Na­tional Auto Trans­porta­tion Cen­ter, Traf­fic Po­lice Depart­ment and Ulaan­baatar Air Qual­ity Depart­ment are en­forc­ing the new traf­fic reg­u­la­tion on ve­hi­cle emis­sion.

Re­port­edly, 88 per­cent of to­tal ve­hi­cles, more specif­i­cally 437,000 cars, driv­ing in the cap­i­tal have un­der­gone tech­ni­cal in­spec­tions and di­ag­nos­tics. Out of 9,531 ve­hi­cles that failed the in­spec­tion,1,229 failed due to high emis­sion level, 5,284 for ex­ter­nal dam­ages, 2,067 for signs of brake fail­ure, 3,043 for steer­ing wheel prob­lems, 2,610 for head­light prob­lems, and 63 for ex­ceed­ing per­mit­ted ex­haust noise level.

Leg­is­la­tions on ve­hi­cles and traf­fic move­ment pro­hibits the use of ve­hi­cles that don’t meet re­lated stan­dards. The traf­fic po­lice mon­i­tors traf­fic move­ment through surveil­lance cam­eras of the Ulaan­baatar Traf­fic Con­trol Cen­ter and sends no­ti­fi­ca­tions of penalty to res­i­den­tial ad­dresses of those who vi­o­late traf­fic reg­u­la­tions.

Of­fi­cials stated that driv­ers who haven’t un­der­gone ve­hi­cle in­spec­tions are be­ing fined and re­minded car own­ers who didn’t get their cars in­spected and di­ag­nosed within the ap­pointed time to have it done as soon as pos­si­ble.

The traf­fic po­lice ad­vised driv­ers to reg­u­larly check whether they have breached any traf­fic rule through the smart­phone ap­pli­ca­tion, or the web­site www.trans­dep.mn.

Ulaan­baatar of­fi­cials have been tak­ing var­i­ous mea­sures to curb emis­sions from coal con­sump­tion and cars to re­duce smog in the city, which has been branded “one of the world’s most heav­ily pol­luted cities”.

The ma­jor­ity of air pol­lu­tion, specif­i­cally 80 per­cent, in the cap­i­tal is at­trib­uted to coal burn­ing for heat in gers, fol­lowed by ve­hi­cle emis­sion (10 per­cent), ther­mal power plants (six per­cent), and in­dus­trial solid waste (four per­cent), ac­cord­ing to the World Health Or­ga­ni­za­tion (WHO)

The lev­els of fine par­tic­u­late mat­ter (PM2.5), which is detri­men­tal to hu­man health, have been recorded to be up to 80 times higher than WHO guide­lines in Mongolia, and the or­ga­ni­za­tion pre­dicts that the sit­u­a­tion will worsen over the next 10 years.

Last De­cem­ber, the level of PM 2.5 peaked at 1,985 mi­cro­grams per cu­bic me­ter when WHO rec­om­mends PM2.5 ex­po­sure of no more than 25 mi­cro­grams per cu­bic me­ter on av­er­age over a 24-hour pe­riod.


Around 10 per­cent of air pol­lu­tion in UB is at­trib­uted to car emis­sion

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