Air pol­lu­tion mit­i­ga­tion strate­gies dis­cussed

The UB Post - - DOMESTIC -

State of­fi­cials as­signed in the work­ing group to re­duce air pol­lu­tion ex­changed their opin­ions and ideas for tack­ling air pol­lu­tion and im­prov­ing the air qual­ity in Ulaan­baatar.

“Ex­pan­sion works aimed to in­crease ther­mal power sup­ply to re­duce air pol­lu­tion have com­pletely fin­ished in the en­ergy sec­tor in 2017,” Head of the Depart­ment of Pol­icy and Co­or­di­na­tion at the Min­istry of En­ergy B.Nasan­tog­tokh re­ported at the be­gin­ning of the meet­ing.

“In 2017, we pro­vided the op­por­tu­nity for 23,000 fam­i­lies in ger ar­eas to use elec­tric heaters. A project to sus­pend the use of 105 ther­mal mass stoves was car­ried out. We will broaden elec­tric­ity sup­ply for 46,000 fam­i­lies liv­ing in ger ar­eas stretch­ing from Ta­van Shar in­ter­sec­tion to Dari-Ekh in­ter­sec­tion and those liv­ing fur­ther north. So far, 23,000 fam­i­lies have got­ten ad­di­tional elec­tric­ity sup­ply. This project will cover ar­eas from the Na­tional Cen­ter for Ma­ter­nal and Child Health bus stop to Tele­viz ter­mi­nal to Dam­badar­jaa bus ter­mi­nal. Oper­a­tions of 78 wa­ter heaters have been stopped in or­der to link them to the cen­tral power sup­ply sys­tem. Around 70 per­cent of this area is oc­cu­pied by schools, kinder­gartens and other pub­lic in­sti­tu­tions. We plan to carry out two projects,” he said.

Pres­i­dent of the Mon­go­lian Academy of Sci­ence D.Regdel un­der­lined that the most im­por­tant task to do now is re­duc­ing heat loss. He sug­gested that im­prov­ing in­su­la­tion can help lower heat loss by up to two kilo­watt per hour.

D.Regdel es­ti­mated that a fam­ily pays 118,300 MNT a month if elec­tric­ity bills if they have a two-rate counter and 82,600 MNT a month if they re­ceive night­time elec­tric­ity tar­iff dis­count.

“It’s nec­es­sary to build a fac­tory for the pro­duc­tion of a house­hold two-kilo­watt ther­mal ac­cu­mu­la­tor, which we in­vented, so that it can be in­tro­duced to the mar­ket as broadly and quickly as pos­si­ble. This ac­cu­mu­la­tor gets fully recharged with al­most 36 kilo­watt dur­ing the nine hours of the night­time dis­count pe­riod and al­lows you to not only get heating for 15 hours straight dur­ing the day but also cook. This has been proved with a trial in Ulaan­baatar and Tosontsen­gel soum (in Zavkhan Prov­ince),” he said.

The aca­demi­cian then talked about dis­tribut­ing a fullyau­to­mated smart stoves in par­tial in­fra­struc­ture cen­ters with 50 house­holds each.

“Us­ing the smart stoves in the 3,800 par­tial in­fra­struc­ture cen­ters in Ulaan­baatar where around 190,000 fam­i­lies live will save 152,000 tons of coal in ad­di­tion to re­duc­ing air pol­lu­tants by 20 times.”

Lastly, he stressed that it’s cru­cial to con­tin­u­ously ad­dress heating prob­lems un­til it’s com­pletely re­solved and ad­vised build­ing a fac­tory to man­u­fac­ture stoves with full com­bus­tion do­mes­ti­cally.

The meet­ing was con­cluded with the de­ci­sion to form a sub work­ing group for air pol­lu­tion re­duc­tion.

Mem­ber of Par­lia­ment S.Byam­bat­sogt, who pro­posed the idea, was fully con­fi­dent that his pro­posal will bring bet­ter re­sults to anti air pol­lu­tion ef­forts.

“I be­lieve that it’s best to cre­ate a sub work­ing group that will rank project pro­pos­als by their ur­gency and ef­fec­tive­ness and de­ter­mine which are more eco­nom­i­cally prof­itable,” he said. “We must set am­bi­tious goals and com­mit to see­ing them through,” he stated.

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