ADB loan to help pro­vide sus­tain­able ur­ban ser­vices in Man­dalay

Mizzima Business Weekly - - NEWS -

The Asian De­vel­op­ment Bank (ADB) has ap­proved a $60 mil­lion loan to im­prove the ur­ban en­vi­ron­ment and boost pub­lic health through bet­ter wa­ter man­age­ment in Man­dalay so the his­toric city can fur­ther de­velop as the cul­tural, ed­u­ca­tional and eco­nomic hub of north­ern Myan­mar, the bank said in a state­ment on 13 Novem­ber.

“Man­dalay has enor­mous po­ten­tial to be­come a na­tional eco­nomic cen­tre, driv­ing growth along the eco­nomic cor­ri­dor link­ing In­dia to the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China through Man­dalay. How­ever ur­ban ser­vices are still sub­stan­dard and the city is highly vul­ner­a­ble to the ef­fects of cli­mate change,” said Eri Honda, Prin­ci­pal Ur­ban De­vel­op­ment Spe­cial­ist in ADB’s South­east Asia Depart­ment. “The as­sis­tance will fo­cus on pro­vid­ing mod­ern wa­ter sup­ply and wastewa- ter man­age­ment, and making th­ese sus­tain­able.”

The coun­try’s sec­ond-largest city is home to 2% of the pop­u­la­tion and gen­er­ates about 8% of the na­tional GDP, but in­fra­struc­ture and ur­ban ser­vice de­liv­ery re­main very weak. The piped wa­ter sys­tem reaches only 55% of res­i­dents, san­i­ta­tion con­sists of sep­tic tanks con­nected to road­side drains and la­trines, and solid waste is dumped into the canals. Man­dalay is also prone to in­tense flood­ing dur­ing the wet sea­son.

To ad­dress th­ese is­sues, the project will build a new wa­ter treat­ment plant and re­ha­bil­i­tate and ex­tend the ex­ist­ing sup­ply net­work, with the goal of rais­ing the num­ber of house­holds con­nected to an un­in­ter­rupted wa­ter sup­ply from 19,000 to 124,000. It will also build Man­dalay’s first cen­tral­ized waste­water col­lec­tion and treat- ment plant to re­duce the direct dis­charge of waste­water into canals and creeks, and carry out aware­ness pro­grams for res­i­dents on the en­vi­ron­ment and health.

A spe­cial fea­ture of the project will be the gen­er­a­tion of bio­gas from sludge, which will be used to pro­duce elec­tric­ity to pro­vide up to half the waste­water treat­ment plant’s power needs.

ADB’s loan will be com­ple­mented by $56.8 mil­lion in co-fi­nanc­ing, with $46 mil­lion from the French de­vel­op­ment agency Agence Française de Développe­ment, $6.8 mil­lion from the Euro­pean Union’s Asian In­vest­ment Fa­cil­ity, and $4 mil­lion from the Ur­ban Cli­mate Change Re­silience Trust Fund. The Gov­ern­ment of Myan­mar will pro­vide coun­ter­part sup­port of $13.1 mil­lion. The project will run for 7 years, with a tar­get com­ple­tion date of March 2023.

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