Global Slav­ery – Myan­mar in­cluded in list of coutries

Mizzima Business Weekly - - CONTENTS -

Myan­mar is one of sev­eral Asian coun­tries that stands in the red when it comes to mod­ern-day slav­ery. This is re­vealed in the 2016 Global Slav­ery In­dex, an im­por­tant re­search re­port pub­lished last week by the Walk Free Foun­da­tion.

World­wide an es­ti­mated 45.8 mil­lion men, women and chil­dren are to­day trapped in mod­ern slav­ery - 28% more than pre­vi­ously es­ti­mated. They are en­slaved through hu­man traf­fick­ing, forced labour, debt bondage, forced or servile mar­riage or com­mer­cial sex­ual ex­ploita­tion. In terms of ab­so­lute num­bers, Asian coun­tries hold the top five po­si­tions for high­est num­ber of peo­ple trapped in slav­ery, ac­count­ing for al­most 58% of the world’s en­slaved, or 26.6 mil­lion peo­ple. In­dia re­mains top of the list with an es­ti­mated 18.35 mil­lion en­slaved peo­ple, fol­lowed by China (3.39m), Pak­istan (2.13m), Bangladesh (1.53) and Uzbek­istan (1.23m).

Myan­mar is cov­ered in the re­port with an es­ti­mated 515,100 peo­ple trapped in slav­ery, said to rep­re­sent 0.956% of the coun­try’s 53 mil­lion pop­u­la­tion.

In terms of “vul­ner­a­bil­ity to mod­ern slav­ery,” it is marked as an at risk coun­try, de­picted in red on a map of Asia, along­side China and In­dia.

North Korea is the coun­try with the great­est preva­lence of mod­ern slav­ery, with 4.37% of its pop­u­la­tion es­ti­mated to be en­slaved. It is also the coun­try with the weak­est gov­ern­ment re­sponse in terms of ac­tions taken to com­bat mod­ern slav­ery. The next high­est preva­lence of slav­ery is found in Uzbek­istan (3.97%), fol­lowed by Cam­bo­dia, which has a preva­lence of 1.65% of their pop­u­la­tion trapped in slav­ery.

The 2016 Global Slav­ery In­dex es­ti­mates that 28% more peo­ple are en­slaved than re­ported in the 2014 edi­tion. This sig­nif­i­cant in­crease is due to en­hanced data col­lec­tion and re­search method­ol­ogy. Sur­vey re­search for the 2016 Global Slav­ery In­dex in­cluded over 42,000 in­ter­views con­ducted in 53 lan­guages across 25 coun­tries, in­clud­ing 15 state-level sur­veys in In­dia. These rep­re­sen­ta­tive sur­veys cover 44% of the global pop­u­la­tion. Gov­ern­ment re­sponse The Global Slav­ery In­dex also tracks gov­ern­ment ac­tions and re­sponses to mod­ern slav­ery. Of the 161 as­sessed2, 124 coun­tries have crim­i­nalised hu­man traf­fick­ing in line with the UN Traf­fick­ing Pro­to­col and 96 have de­vel­oped na­tional ac­tion plans to co­or­di­nate gov­ern­ment re­sponse. The gov­ern­ments lead­ing the charge against mod­ern slav­ery are The Nether­lands, the United States of Amer­ica, the United King­dom, Swe­den, Aus­tralia, Por­tu­gal, Croa­tia, Spain, Bel­gium and Nor­way.

Some sig­nif­i­cant progress has been made by many gov­ern­ments since the pub­li­ca­tion of the 2014 re­port. In 2015, of the 25 coun­tries within the Asia-Pa­cific re­gion, 24 have laws that crim­i­nalise some forms of mod­ern slav­ery. North Korea re­mains the only na­tion in Asia – and the world – that has not ex­plic­itly crim­i­nalised any form of mod­ern slav­ery. Aus­tralia, New Zealand and the Philip­pines have

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