Myan­mar plans im­mu­niza­tion of 14 mil­lion young peo­ple against en­cephali­tis

Mizzima Business Weekly - - NEWS ROUNDUPS -

Myan­mar is plan­ning to im­mu­nize 14 mil­lion young peo­ple against Ja­panese en­cephali­tis (JE) , a mos­quito-borne dis­ease with symp­toms that de­velop within one to two weeks, of­fi­cial me­dia re­ported Fri­day.

The symp­toms in­clude fever, headaches, vom­it­ing, con­fu­sion and lim­ited mo­bil­ity, se­ri­ously swelling around the brain and coma. As a pre­ven­tion mea­sure, chil­dren aged be­tween nine months and 15 years will be vac­ci­nated un­der two pro­grams which are school-based and pub­lic-based, ac­cord­ing to the coun­try’s Depart­ment of Pub­lic Health.

Un­der the school-based pro­gram, 7.9 mil­lion chil­dren will be vac­ci­nated within a week in Novem­ber, while the pub­lic-based pro­gram will cover 5.6 mil­lion chil­dren within a week in De­cem­ber. How­ever, the as­pect of the pro­gram will be the most chal­leng­ing as it will in­clude scat­tered pop­u­la­tion in ru­ral ar­eas where roads are poor and clin­ics far apart, said of­fi­cials of the Pub­lic Health Depart­ment. Myan­mar con­ducted vac­ci­na­tion pro­gram ex­ten­sively against the Ja­panese en­cephali­tis in Rakhine state in 2014 due to large num­ber of such cases. The ap­pear­ance of more such symp­toms in other re­gions and states prompted the health depart­ment to launch a na­tion-level vac­ci­na­tion pro­gram this year.

Ac­cord­ing to the World Health Or­ga­ni­za­tion, more than 3 mil­lion peo­ple in 24 coun­tries in South­east Asia and western Pa­cific re­gion are be­ing af­fected the on­go­ing Ja­panese en­cephali­tis epi­demic.

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