Colom­bia cease­fire ends 52 years of war

The Myanmar Times - - World -

A HIS­TORIC mid­night cease­fire on Au­gust 28 ended a 52-year-old war be­tween the Colom­bian state and FARC rebels.

Hun­dreds of thou­sands of Colom­bians have died since 1964 as rebel armies and gangs bat­tled in the jun­gles in Latin America’s last ma­jor civil armed con­flict.

The Revo­lu­tion­ary Armed Forces of Colom­bia (FARC) is­sued the or­der for its fight­ers to ob­serve the cease fire from mid­night.

“I or­der all our com­man­ders and units and each one of our com­bat­ants to defini­tively cease fire and hos­til­i­ties against the Colom­bian state from mid­night tonight,” top FARC leader Ti­moleon Jimenez said in a dec­la­ra­tion be­fore the me­dia.

“The end of the con­flict has ar­rived!” Pres­i­dent Juan Manuel San­tos wrote on his Twitter ac­count, af­ter sign­ing a de­cree to halt mil­i­tary op­er­a­tions against FARC.

Mr San­tos and Mr Jimenez are due to sign a fi­nal peace agree­ment some time be­tween Septem­ber 20 and 26.

The cease­fire and de­fin­i­tive end of hos­til­i­ties will be fol­lowed by a six­month de­mo­bil­i­sa­tion process.

Guer­rilla fight­ers will gather at col­lec­tion points and give up their weapons un­der UN su­per­vi­sion.

On Oc­to­ber 2, Colom­bians will go to the polls to cast bal­lots in a ref­er­en­dum to en­dorse the agree­ment.

Un­der a July rul­ing by the Con­sti­tu­tional Court, ap­proval re­quires a ma­jor­ity “yes” vote by at least 4.4 mil­lion peo­ple, or 13 per­cent of the elec­torate. –

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