Research project to collect data on migrant workers
A RESEARCH team is conducting a nine-month survey to determine the push and pull factors of migration from Myanmar.
The research will take place in Mandalay and Ayeyarwady regions as well as in Rakhine and Shan states.
“We hope to find out where people migrate to, how much they can earn, whether their migration really benefits their families, and who takes responsibility for their family duties while they are away,” said Michiko Ito, program manager at the International Organization for Migration (IOM).
The IOM is conducting the study, along with the Metta Development Foundation, the Ministry of Labour, Immigration and Population, and the University of Sussex.
The research will centre on rural development and poverty alleviation. It will consider migration from the perspective of the migrant, their family and society as a whole.
“[People] migrate because they want their lives to be better. But they still face many difficulties. That’s why we want to give them information which can show them which form of migration can provide a better life for them,” said Ms Ito.
The research will entail both quantitative and qualitative data collection and will be divided into two stages.
The first stage will be conducted from November to December of this year, with the second stage in May and June of next year.
“The main difficulty for us is transportation. It’s very difficult to travel between villages. Our job will require us to travel all around the country. Also, in Shan State, there are a number of different ethnicities and different languages,” Ms Ito said.
In a previous study, the International Labour Organisation found that 3.9 percent of Myanmar nationals are migrant workers who go abroad for work. – Translation by Zar Zar Soe