Min­istry of Agri­cul­ture to con­duct crop yield sur­vey

The Myanmar Times - - Business - HTOO THANT thanhtoo@mm­times.com

A MA­JOR crop yield sur­vey is in the works, as the Min­istry of Agri­cul­ture, Live­stock and Ir­ri­ga­tion looks to get an ac­cu­rate idea of the out­put from rice pad­dies na­tion­wide.

Data will be col­lected from 308 town­ships around the coun­try, Depart­ment of Agri­cul­ture direc­tor Daw Thuzar Myint told The Myan­mar Times.

As the min­istry eyes a boost to ex­ports of agri­cul­tural and live­stock prod­ucts, she says it is cru­cial to col­late mean­ing­ful crop yield data.

A state­ment re­leased by the min­istry said the aim is to quan­tify the paddy yield in the states and re­gions, as well as the ex­cess, and data on the suc­cess of dif­fer­ent species and strains. This, they say, will al­low them to make a proper as­sess­ment on the po­ten­tial of the sec­tor and ca­pac­ity for ex­port growth.

Sur­vey data col­lec­tion will be con­ducted from this month to Jan­uary next year – in time to as­sess the amount of mon­soon paddy har­vested.

“Cur­rently, we are mak­ing prepa­ra­tions such as com­pil­ing the ques­tions which will be asked of farm­ers, and of­fer­ing train­ing to data col­lec­tors,” said U Myo Tint Tun, deputy per­ma­nent sec­re­tary of the min­istry.

The data col­lec­tion will be a shared ef­fort be­tween the Depart­ment of Agri­cul­ture, Yezin Agri­cul­tural Univer­sity and the Myan­mar Rice Fed­er­a­tion.

He added that the min­istry will also use data col­lected in pre­vi­ous years, and from the most re­cent har­vest. Ac­cord­ing to cur­rent fig­ures used by the Depart­ment of Agri­cul­ture, the to­tal amount of land on which paddy is cul­ti­vated na­tion­wide was 17.36 mil­lion acres in the 2015-16 year. This in­cludes 15.36 mil­lion acres of rainy sea­son paddy and 2.4 mil­lion acres of sum­mer sea­son paddy.

The re­port col­lat­ing and analysing sur­vey data is ex­pected to be sub­mit­ted in late Jan­uary next year.

Deputy per­ma­nent sec­re­tary U Myo Tint Tun said the cur­rent av­er­age ex­pected yield per acre is 78 tins (each tin is equiv­a­lent to 9 gal­lons). How­ever, some farm­ers say that doesn’t sound quite right.

“Yields of 78 tins per acre may be pos­si­ble in some re­gions. But there are many re­gions which do not yield that amount,” said Ko Nay Soe, a rice mill owner from Nay Pyi Taw.

This was echoed by farmer U Ba Gyi of Kyun Oo vil­lage, Py­in­mana Town­ship.

“This pro­duc­tion rate [is not re­al­is­tic] even for rice planted in re­gions with plenty of rain.”

– Trans­la­tion by Win Thaw Tar

Photo: Staff

Farm­ers plant rice in a paddy field.

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