Xi says US-China ties at a ‘hinge moment’
PRESIDENTS Barack Obama and Xi Jinping met for possibly the final time, with China’s leader warning the period after Donald Trump’s election is a “hinge moment” in relations between the two powers.
Without referring to Mr Trump, Mr Xi spoke of his hope for a “smooth transition” in a relationship that Mr Obama described as “the most consequential in the world”.
The two men were meeting in Lima, Peru, on the margins of the AsiaPacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) summit.
During a vitriol-filled election campaign Mr Trump frequently took a combative stance against China, blaming Beijing for “inventing” climate change and rigging the rules of trade.
The White House, surprised by Mr Trump’s lack of details on the issues, has urged world leaders to give Mr Trump time to find his feet.
For much of Mr Obama’s presidency, China and the United States have slowly improved cooperation and tried to limit the fallout from disputes, all while vying for influence in the Asia-Pacific.
China has been quick to seize on the failure of a US-backed Pacific trade deal to push its own version of the pact – excluding Washington – at the APEC meeting.
Mr Xi – who the White House sees as perhaps the most powerful Chinese leader since Deng Xiaoping or even Mao Zedong – said he wanted to see cooperation continue.
“I hope the two sides will work together to focus on cooperation, manage our differences, and make sure there is a smooth transition in the relationship and that it will continue to grow going forward.”
The two men have met nine times since Mr Obama took office in early 2009.
Mr Obama said he wanted to “take this opportunity to note our work to build a more durable and productive set of bilateral ties”.
Mr Obama also acknowledged that his eight years guiding US-China relations have seen difficulties.
That period has seen tensions in particular over China’s seizure of territory it claims in the South China Sea, as well as over the treatment of US firms in China.
Mr Obama said he expected a “candid conversation on areas where we continue to differ, including the creation of a more level playing field for our businesses to compete, innovation policies, excess capacity and human rights”.
One area of continued tension concerns how hard it has been to push sanctions against North Korea over its ballistic and nuclear weapons programs.
Mr Obama said he and Mr Xi “are united on our strong opposition to North Korea’s provocations, and we will intensify our efforts to de-nuclearise the Korean peninsula”.
The US is pushing for further sanctions to choke off funding to North Korean weapons programs.
Pyongyang has launched multiple tests to develop a miniaturised nuclear warhead and a missile capable of delivering that deadly payload to the United States, alarming the White House.
Beijing has long dragged its heels on sanctioning its allies in Pyongyang, fearing a flood of refugees if North Korea’s economy collapses.
But earlier this year Beijing moved to sanction a conglomerate based in China’s frontier city of Dandong that did an estimated US$530 million in trade with North Korea between 2011 and 2015. –
Xi Jinping hopes for a smooth transition in the China-US relationship.