Myanmar drafts hazardous work list for children
THE government has finished drafting the list of occupations in which children are not allowed to engage due to safety reasons, an official of the Ministry of Labour, Immigration and Population said on Tuesday.
The Labour Ministry said some of the 20 industries in which children will not be allowed to work in 108 kinds of jobs are agriculture and animal husbandry, construction, extraction of stone and minerals, petroleum and natural gas, transportation, fishing, garment manufacturing, and distribution of electricity.
“The Child Rights Law has been discussed at Parliament. We will issue the instructions about the hazardous work lists… once the law comes into force,” U Nyunt Win, director general of Factories and General Labour Laws Inspection Department (FGLLID), said at the celebration of the World Day Against Child Labour.
No one is allowed to employ children who are under 18 in the occupations included on the hazardous work list, he added.
U Oakar Thein, deputy director of FGLLID from labour ministry said that they began drafting the hazardous work list since 2015 according to the directives of the ILO since Myanmar ratified the 1992 Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention in 2013.
ILO in Myanmar said in a press release on June 12 that over 600,000 from an estimated one million working children in Myanmar are still working at the hazardous work that harms their health, safety and morals.
“A first priority should be to keep children out of hazardous forms of work and improve the safety conditions for those young people who are working” said Rory Mungoven, ILO liaison officer in Myanmar said at the ceremony.
In February 2018, the government has also formed the National Committee for the Eradication of Child Labour whose members included the vice president, representatives of key ministries, worker’s and employer’s organizations as well as civil society, to ensure the finalisation and implementation of National Action Plan on child labour affairs.
U Nyunt Win said the Labour Ministry has been preventing children under 14 years old from working or being asked to work by their parents or guardians.