Nepali in­tel­lec­tu­als on Dok­lam dis­pute

People's Review - - NEWS - By Our Reporter

In­de­pen­dent in­tel­lec­tu­als/ writ­ers be­lieve that India has vi­o­lated the in­ter­na­tional norms by de­ploy­ing its force in Dok­lam. How­ever, they are di­vided on pos­si­bil­ity of war. Some ar­gue that there can be war be­tween the two na­tions, whereas, some oth­ers are pre­dict­ing that the dis­pute will not in­vite war. Dr Vek Ba­hadur Thapa, ex­for­eign min­is­ter, has ex­pressed the view that both the par­ties will try to get a face-save point and there will not be a war at all. In a TV in­ter­view Thapa has re­marked that India doesn't want to lose its grip on Bhutan. Dok­lam is the is­sue be­tween Bhutan and China but Bhutan is silent. As Nepal signed on OBOR, India is not happy from in­creas­ing en­gage­ment of China here. He has also opined that in the 1962 the war be­tween China and India, India en­croached our Kala­pani area and she de­ployed her troops there. We have not been able to speak on this is­sue. This is the time to raise this is­sue as well. Thapa re­marked. Balananda Sharma re­tired Nepal Army Gen­eral, in a TV in­ter­view, said that the Dok­lam dis­pute has invited a crit­i­cal sit­u­a­tion. Without any se­ri­ous sit­u­a­tion, things will not move to the present level of dis­pute. India has claimed that China has oc­cu­pied India's big land, which is larger than the size of Nepal. Today, India is also an atomic power. In India, Naren­dra Modi is a strong prime min­is­ter. There­fore, India has come up with a strong con­vic­tion. It seems that India is men­tally pre­pared for war. There are two op­tions for India -- ei­ther set­tling the ter­ri­to­rial dis­pute through a war or a ne­go­ti­a­tion. For last 55 years, the is­sue was not set­tled through ne­go­ti­a­tion. There­fore, war is a com­pul­sion for India. Nepal like coun­try should not take side of any of the coun­try in the dis­pute. Bhutan has also re­mained silent, he re­marked. He fur­ther opined that the west­ern­ers may come to sup­port India in this war. Oth­er­wise, the west will come to play the role of a me­di­a­tor. Even in this sit­u­a­tion, Nepal should re­main silent. And if there will be a pres­sure from India, Nepal should take side with India by view­ing the sit­u­a­tion. Dilip Raya­ma­jee, re­tired Nepal Army Gen­eral, in a TV in­ter­view, said that Un­der the provo­ca­tion of Amer­ica, India has at­tempted to fight with China but India can­not fight with China. Indian PM Modi is try­ing to get ex­cuse for her face save. In their write-ups and ad­dresses of ex-ex­ter­nal af­fairs sec­re­tary Shyam­saran, Sushma, sit­ting ex­ter­nal af­fairs min­is­ter Sushma Swaraj and many oth­ers, they have re­marked that war is not a so­lu­tion. Both the coun­tries should end the dis­pute through talks, he re­marked. War be­tween the two big coun­tries is not a good ges­ture for Nepal like coun­try. If there will be war, Nepal's land can be used, we should be alert on this, he has re­marked. Bhaskar Koirala, in a long ar­ti­cle ap­peared on On­line news por­tal “On­line Khabar” has an­a­lysed an­a­lysed pos­si­ble mpact of the Dok­lam dis­pute. He has stated that China has al­ready made clear by mak­ing pub­lic the po­si­tion paper on the Dok­lam plateau, from which it be­comes clear that Dok­lam is the Chi­nese ter­ri­tory. Both the sides have in­creased their mil­i­tary ac­tiv­i­ties in the bor­der ar­eas. Is this a sign of war, the an­swer is silent, he has stated. Both the na­tions are en­gaged in eco­nomic ac­tiv­i­ties. But whether they will re­turn to a tra­di­tional war again, this is a ques­tion. In­creas­ing mil­i­tary ac­tiv­i­ties by both the coun­tries in the dis­puted bor­der ar­eas is a ges­ture of a war. Dur­ing Modi's visit to Amer­ica, for­eign sec­re­tary S. Jayashankar had briefed to the me­dia that the US and India have de­vel­oped strate­gic al­liance, he re­called. Some an­a­lysts have re­marked that along with in­creas­ing win­ter in Dok­lam, the troops from both the coun­tries will re­turn to the warm place. But this time, there is no sign of re­turn of the troops from both the coun­tries, Koirala re­marked. Ke­shab Prasad Bhat­tarai, who is work­ing with the In­sti­tute for Strate­gic Study, in his se­ries of ar­ti­cles pub­lished in the An­na­purna Post ver­nac­u­lar daily, by quot­ing Indian schol­ars/for­mer am­bas­sador, has given ev­i­dences that the Dok­lam plateau is the Chi­nese ter­ri­tory and later, Bhutan had claimed this ter­ri­tory only af­ter India de­vel­oped a new map for Bhutan. In the pre­vi­ous map de­vel­oped by Bri­tish, Dok­lam be­longs to China, he has stated. In his latest ar­ti­cle pub­lished in the Daily, Bhat­tarai has stated that Modi is a strong and vi­brant leader and in the next gen­eral elec­tions in 2019, he is al­most sure to be elected for next five year ten­ure. How­ever, ques­tions have started to raise that whether Modi's aides are sim­i­lar like Nehru [who fought the 1962 war]! Whether Modi is again go­ing to face the same fate of Nehru, there are many ques­tions and an­swers re­main within Modi and his closed aide only. Dr Narayan Khadka, for­mer min­is­ter and NC MP, in a TV in­ter­view, said that Dok­lam is Chi­nese ter­ri­tory and strate­gi­cally im­por­tant pass for China. Of late, Chi­nese in­flu­ence is in­creas­ing in Bhutan and Bhutan is try­ing to be­come free from the sta­tus of the India pro­tected na­tion. There­fore, India has taken such a strat­egy to make strong­hold on Bhutan. If both the coun­tries will go for a war, it will have a se­ri­ous im­pact on our coun­try. Bor­ders can be sealed and sup­ply of goods can be stopped. There will be a hue and cry sit­u­a­tion in Nepal, he said. Dr Prakashchan­dra Lo­hani, chair­man, RPP Na­tion­al­ist be­lieves that Nepal should play a neu­tral role on this dis­pute. In a TV in­ter­view, he has made such a re­mark. Ke­shar Ba­hadur Bhan­dari, for­mer Army gen­eral, has re­marked that there is a pos­si­bil­ity of a soft war be­tween the two na­tions. We have to do good home­work con­sid­er­ing the up­com­ing pos­si­bil­i­ties. Nepal's se­cu­rity strate­gic sec­tor should re­main alert. Bor­ders can be sealed and sup­ply of goods can be stopped. Dr Ja­yaraj Acharya, for­mer per­ma­nent rep­re­sen­ta­tive to the UN, talk­ing to AP 1 TV, has said that India and China may not in­vite war. Con­struc­tion of road in Dok­lam is con­sid­ered as an ex­tended form of OBOR. China is con­struct­ing this road to cap­ture Indian mar­ket. North Korea's present ac­tiv­i­ties are also linked with the Dok­lam dis­pute. Amer­ica wants war be­tween India and China. Both the coun­tries are at the po­si­tion of face-off at Dok­lam and Bhutan has re­mained silent. Bhutan is a UN mem­ber coun­try but Bhutan can­not de­velop friendly re­la­tions with other for­eign coun­tries. India is alert on this. Deuba is vis­it­ing India. He may face pres­sure from India to take side with India on the Dolkam is­sue. Whether Nepal can re­sist this pres­sure, it is a ques­tion. Amer­ica wants to dis­turb China. China's re­la­tions with Philippines are im­prov­ing. In the mean­time, the Dok­lam dis­pute has been sur­faced. Dr Ra­jen­dra Thapa, re­tired Nepal Army Gen­eral, says that China has come to Dok­lam to show that China has be­come a su­per­power now. China is ca­pa­ble in both de­fen­sive and of­fen­sive war whereas Amer­ica is based on of­fen­sive war. China has claimed that Dok­lam is north's ter­ri­tory and Bhutan has re­mained silent. How­ever, there will be no war be­tween the two coun­tries. Af­ter fall down of tem­per­a­ture in Dok­lam, the troops from both the coun­tries will re­turn from the present po­si­tion. Modi is play­ing po­lit­i­cal game. He wants to give the mes­sage that India has been able to give re­ply to Pak­istan and now India has given a slap to China. Dok­lam is the Chi­nese ter­ri­tory and China will not back from Dok­lam. India will re­turn from Dok­lam, he said. Dr Nan­dan Ba­hadur Singh, talk­ing to News 24 TV, said that Dok­lam is the Chi­nese ter­ri­tory and China has al­ready pro­duced the ev­i­dence. China had con­structed road in Dok­lam by in­form­ing India. On the Dok­lam dis­pute, Bhutan is silent. India's ac­tive trope is 1427258. Be­sides, it has 11,00000 re­served force. On the other hand, China's Peo­ple's Armed Force is 23,00500 (ac­tive force) and 30,00000 in PLA. In to­tal China has 9100000 armed per­son­nel. On nu­clear ca­pa­bil­ity, China is the fourth power af­ter Rus­sia, Amer­ica and France. Then af­ter come Bri­tain, Pak­istan, India, Is­rael and North Korea. To make OBOR un­suc­cess­ful, western ef­forts are on. West is pro­vok­ing small coun­tries in South China Sea against China. Like­wise, West is sup­port­ing the Dalai Lama to dis­turb China. China will not com­pro­mise on its present stance. At any cost, China will con­struct road in Dok­lam. If India will cre­ate dis­pute, China will give a strong re­ply, he said. Jainen­dra Sharma, for­mer ad­min­is­tra­tor, has stated in an ar­ti­cle that Dok­lam is claimed by China as her ter­ri­tory, whereas, Bhutan has claimed as its ter­ri­tory. A bor­der war for a lim­ited time and sec­tor can­not be ruled out. He has stated that the dis­pute could be India's mis­cal­cu­la­tion. Sud­hir Sharma, editor of the Kan­tipur Daily has pub­lished a long ar­ti­cle in the daily. He has re­marked that cur­rently, China, India and Bhutan are en­gaged in the Dok­lam dis­pute. We have also the same dis­puted area in Kala­pani. We should be alert on pos­si­ble sce­nario [it­er­ance of for­eign troops in Nepal cre­at­ing dis­pute on Kala­pani is­sue] in our coun­try. Even if the Dok­lam dis­pute will be re­solved for the time be­ing, there will be a cri­sis of con­fi­dence be­tween China and India and it will last for a long time. Arun Subedi, po­lit­i­cal an­a­lyst, in an in­ter­view to AP 1 TV, has said that as Nepal holds spe­cial re­la­tions with India, Nepal has to sup­port India on the Dok­lam dis­pute. Dr. Lokraj Baral, for­mer am­bas­sador to India, in a ar­ti­cle in An­na­purna Post daily, has urged the po­lit­i­cal lead­ers to de­velop a con­crete Nepal's India pol­icy. He, by hint­ing spe­cial re­la­tions with India both re­li­gious and cul­tural, has hinted to de­velop good re­la­tions with India by re­spect­ing India's se­cu­rity se­cre­tive­ness.

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