Land­marks of China’s achieve­ments in sci­ence and tech­nol­ogy

People's Review - - OP-ED - Edi­tor: Gao Shan

The coun­try sent its first cargo space­craft into space, re­al­ized satel­lite-based dis­tri­bu­tion of en­tan­gled pho­ton pairs over a record dis­tance, launched its first X-ray space tele­scope, dis­played its first home-grown large pas­sen­ger jetC919 with a suc­cess­ful maiden flight, and trans­ferred its first do­mes­tic ally-built air­craft car­rier from dry dock into wa­ter this year. Such a string of achieve­ments shows the coun­try' s in­no­va­tion-driven de­vel­op­ment strat­egy is pay­ing off. China has been striv­ing to up­grade its in­dus­trial struc­ture and shift its econ­omy to­ward a growth model that draws strength from in­no­va­tion as its com­pet­i­tive ad­van­tages in low la­bor and raw ma­te­rial costs are be­ing eroded. The gov­ern­ment has set in­no­va­tion as the core of its 13th five-year plan(2016-2020), with the aims to be­come an "in­no­va­tion na­tion" by 2020,an in­ter­na­tional leader in in­no­va­tion by 2030, and a world pow­er­house in­sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal in­no­va­tion by 2050. The lat­est Global In­no­va­tion In­dex showed that China rose three spots to 22nd place on the list of the world's most in­no­va­tive na­tions in 2017, the only-mid­dle-in­come coun­try to join the top 25 in­no­va­tive economies.

On April 26, 2017, China's sec­ond air­craft car­rier is trans­ferred from dry dock­into the wa­ter at the launch cer­e­mony in Dalian ship­yard of the Chi­naShip­build­ing In­dus­try Corp. in a north­east city of Dalian. The new car­rier, the­first do­mes­ti­cally-built one, came af­ter the Liaon­ing, a re­fit­ted for­mer Sovi­etUnion-made car­rier that was put into com­mis­sion in the Navy of the Chi­ne­sePeo­ple's Lib­er­a­tion Army in 2012. (Xinhua/Li Gang)

Photo taken on May 24, 2017 shows a so­lar drone on its test flight. China has suc­cess­fully tested near-space flight of its largest so­lar drone. With aw­ingspan of 45 me­ters, the so­lar-pow­ered drone is ca­pa­ble of flying at analti­tude of 20 to 30 kilo­me­ters, and cruis­ing at a speed of 150 to 200 km per­hour for a long time. The un­manned aerial ve­hi­cle will be used mostly forair­borne early warn­ing, aerial re­con­nais­sance, dis­as­ter mon­i­tor­ing, me­te­o­ro­log­i­cal ob­ser­va­tion and com­mu­ni­ca­tions re­lay. (Xinhua/Bai Guo­long)

China's manned sub­mersible Jiao­long is pre­pared to dive in the Yap Trench in the west­Pa­cific on June 13, 2017. The dive is the fi­nal one in China's 38th ocean­ic­sci­en­tific ex­pe­di­tion, mark­ing the end of a four-year ten­ta­tive ap­pli­ca­tion­phase of the sub­mersible. (Xinhua/Liu Ship­ing)

China's newly-de­vel­oped heavy-lift car­rier rocket Long March-5 is in tran­sit at theWen­chang Space Launch Cen­ter in south China's Hainan Province on Oct. 28, 2016.China launched the Long March-5 on Nov. 3, 2016 from the Wen­chang Space LaunchCen­ter. (Xinhua/Sun Hao)

Photo taken on May 24, 2017 shows a so­lar drone on its test flight. China has suc­cess­fully tested near-space flight of its largest so­lar drone. With aw­ingspan of 45 me­ters, the so­lar-pow­ered drone is ca­pa­ble of flying at analti­tude of 20 to 30 kilo­me­ters, and cruis­ing at a speed of 150 to 200 km per­hour for a long time. The un­manned aerial ve­hi­cle will be used mostly forair­borne early warn­ing, aerial re­con­nais­sance, dis­as­ter mon­i­tor­ing, me­te­o­ro­log­i­cal ob­ser­va­tion and com­mu­ni­ca­tions re­lay. (Xinhua/Bai Guo­long)

Pro­fes­sor Lu Chaoyang (C) of the Univer­sity of Sci­ence and Tech­nol­ogy of China checks the­op­er­at­ing sta­tus of the quan­tum com­put­ing ma­chine with his stu­dents at a lab in­Shang­hai on May 3, 2017. Chi­nese sci­en­tists have built the world's firstquan­tum com­put­ing ma­chine that goes far be­yond the early clas­si­cal -- or­con­ven­tional -- com­put­ers, paving the way to the ul­ti­mate re­al­iza­tion ofquan­tum com­put­ing. (Xinhua/Jin Li­wang)

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