To re­vive China, Xi holds high ban­ner of so­cial­ism with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics


BEIJING — President Xi Jin­ping has called for up­hold­ing the ban­ner of so­cial­ism with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics on the road to­ward vic­tory in build­ing a well-off so­ci­ety and re­al­iz­ing the Chi­nese dream of na­tional rejuvenation. Xi, also general sec­re­tary of the Com­mu­nist Party of China (CPC) Cen­tral Com­mit­tee and chair­man of the Cen­tral Mil­i­tary Com­mis­sion, made the re­marks at a work­shop for pro­vin­cial and min­is­te­rial of­fi­cials held from July 26 to July 27 in prepa­ra­tion for the 19th CPC Na­tional Congress. Xi stressed firm con­fi­dence in the path, the­ory, sys­tem and cul­ture of so­cial­ism with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics, which he called “the theme of all the Party's the­o­ries and prac­tices” since the re­form and open­ing up started nearly forty years ago. The great achieve­ments in so­cial­ism with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics do not only mean that so­cial­ism has taken on a strong vi­tal­ity in China but has also ex­panded the path­way to mod­ern­iza­tion for de­vel­op­ing coun­tries around the world, he said. The work­shop was re­garded as a sig­nif­i­cant meet­ing be­fore the 19th CPC Na­tional Congress which will be held later this year. The congress will elect the lead­er­ship for another five-year term. Xi en­cour­aged Party mem­bers to put for­ward new thoughts, strate­gies and mea­sures on the ba­sis of the stages and fea­tures of China's devel­op­ment as well as the peo­ple's de­sire for a bet­ter life. He also urged con­tin­u­ous ef­forts to adopt an over­all ap­proach to pro­mote eco­nomic, politi­cal, cul­tural, so­cial and eco­log­i­cal progress, as well as ad­vance co­or­di­nated devel­op­ment of the “Four Com­pre­hen­sives”. The Four Com­pre­hen­sives refers to a com­plete four­pronged strat­egy that aims to com­pre­hen­sively ac­com­plish a mod­er­ately pros­per­ous so­ci­ety, deepen re­form, ad­vance rule of law, and strengthen strict Party gov­er­nance. THE 19TH CONGRESS Xi de­scribed the 19th Na­tional Congress of the CPC a key meet­ing at a cru­cial time for the devel­op­ment of so­cial­ism PARTY with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics. It comes when China's en­deavor to build a mod­er­ately pros­per­ous so­ci­ety in an al­laround way has en­tered the de­ci­sive stage, he said. “Whether we can raise com­pre­hen­sive, strate­gic and fore­sighted guide­lines at the congress con­cerns the devel­op­ment of the causes of the Party and the na­tion, the des­tiny of so­cial­ism with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics as well as the fun­da­men­tal in­ter­ests of the over­whelm­ing ma­jor­ity of the Chi­nese peo­ple,” he said. The CPC must ex­plic­itly de­clare what ban­ner to hold, what road to take, in what state of mind, what his­toric mis­sion to shoul­der and what tar­get to achieve, he said. “In plan­ning and ad­vanc­ing var­i­ous work of the Party and the coun­try, we must thor­oughly an­a­lyze and pre­cisely eval­u­ate the na­tional, in­ter­na­tional and the Party's con­di­tions un­der cur­rent cir­cum­stances,” Xi told se­nior of­fi­cials at the open­ing ses­sion of the work­shop. Both op­por­tu­ni­ties and chal­lenges posed by the chang­ing sit­u­a­tion should be heeded dur­ing the anal­y­sis, Xi said, call­ing for ut­most ef­forts to pre­pare for the worst while striv­ing for the best re­sults. The work­shop was presided over by Pre­mier Li Ke­qiang and also at­tended by Zhang De­jiang, Yu Zheng­sheng, Liu Yun­shan, Wang Qis­han and Zhang Gaoli, all mem­bers of the Stand­ing Com­mit­tee of the Politi­cal Bureau of the CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee. NEW START­ING POINT & THE­O­RET­I­CAL IN­NO­VA­TION Xi noted the past five years since the 18th CPC Na­tional Congress have seen ex­tra­or­di­nary de­vel­op­ments in im­ple­ment­ing the new con­cept of devel­op­ment, deep­en­ing re­forms, en­hanc­ing the rule of law, en­hanc­ing the Party's rule over ide­o­log­i­cal work, ad­vanc­ing the build­ing of an eco­log­i­cal civ­i­liza­tion, push­ing for­ward the mod­ern­iza­tion of na­tional de­fense and the mil­i­tary, and car­ry­ing for­ward big coun­try diplo­macy. The Party has also strength­ened dis­ci­pline. The fight against cor­rup­tion has gained crush­ing mo­men­tum, he said. While prais­ing the im­prove­ment of peo­ple's liv­ing stan­dards, Xi said their de­sire for a bet­ter life is ever stronger: from bet­ter ed­u­ca­tion to higher in­comes, from more sta­ble jobs to more re­li­able so­cial in­sur­ance, higher qual­ity of med­i­cal ser­vices, more com­fort­able liv­ing con­di­tions, more beau­ti­ful en­vi­ron­ment and richer cul­tural life. The whole Party should face the big­gest re­al­ity that China is at the pri­mary stage of so­cial­ism, ac­cu­rately grasp the ever-chang­ing char­ac­ter­is­tics of the phase, and up­hold the ba­sic line of the CPC, Xi said. Xi hailed China's devel­op­ment as stand­ing at a new his­tor­i­cal start­ing point. So­cial­ism with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics has en­tered a new devel­op­ment stage, he said. The Chi­nese na­tion, which has ex­pe­ri­enced tribu­la­tions and hard­ships since modern times, has made a his­toric leap from stand­ing-up to be­com­ing bet­ter-off to get­ting stronger. So­cial­ism has taken on a strong vi­tal­ity in China and kept open­ing up new devel­op­ment hori­zons, he said. The ma­jor achieve­ments also mean that so­cial­ism with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics has ex­panded the path­way to mod­ern­iza­tion for de­vel­op­ing coun­tries, thus pro­vid­ing Chi­nese wis­dom and Chi­nese so­lu­tions to prob­lems fac­ing mankind, Xi said. Xi at­taches great im­por­tance to the func­tions of the­ory, stress­ing the­o­ret­i­cal con­fi­dence and strate­gic com­po­sure must be strength­ened. As a Marx­ist politi­cal party, the CPC must carry on its tra­di­tion of keep­ing pace with the times and pro­mote the­o­ret­i­cal in­no­va­tion on the ba­sis of prac­tice, Xi said. “Only in this way can we gain ini­tia­tive in this rapidly chang­ing era.” The CPC must con­tin­u­ously broaden its vi­sion and give a new sum­ma­tion of its the­o­ries, he said. WELL-OFF SO­CI­ETY Com­plet­ing build­ing a mod­er­ately pros­per­ous so­ci­ety by 2020 is a prom­ise the CPC has made to the peo­ple and his­tory. To re­al­ize the goal, China must make all-out ef­forts, es­pe­cially in pre­vent­ing and de­fus­ing ma­jor risks, re­liev­ing poverty, as well as pre­vent­ing and con­trol­ling pol­lu­tion, he said. China will keep deep­en­ing sup­ply-side struc­tural re­form to push for­ward sus­tained and healthy eco­nomic and so­cial devel­op­ment, he said. The con­cept of sup­ply-side struc­tural re­form was first men­tioned in late 2015 and is now at the core of China's eco­nomic work, which in­cludes the ma­jor tasks of delever­ag­ing, de­stock­ing, cut­ting ex­cess ca­pac­ity, re­duc­ing costs and shoring up weak ar­eas. The suc­cess in build­ing a mod­er­ately pros­per­ous so­ci­ety in an all-around way should be rec­og­nized by the peo­ple and stand the test of his­tory, said Xi. Fol­low­ing the mod­er­ately pros­per­ous so­ci­ety to be re­al­ized by 2020, the whole Party and peo­ple of var­i­ous eth­nic groups across the coun­try shall be mo­ti­vated to build a mod­ern­ized so­cial­ist coun­try by 2049, the cen­te­nary of the Peo­ple's Repub­lic of China. PARTY LEAD­ER­SHIP & GOV­ER­NANCE Xi called for unswerv­ing ad­her­ence to and im­prove­ment of the CPC lead­er­ship, not­ing that only by en­sur­ing the strong vi­tal­ity and strength of the CPC, can the Party lead the peo­ple to suc­cess­fully deal with ma­jor chal­lenges, re­sist ma­jor risks, over­come ma­jor ob­sta­cles and re­solve ma­jor con­flicts. “Prac­tice has told us that the gov­er­nance of the CPC con­cerns not only the fu­ture and des­tiny of the Party, but also that of our na­tion,” he said. “We must im­prove the gov­er­nance of the Party with greater de­ter­mi­na­tion, courage and ef­fort.” “The strict gov­er­nance of the Party will al­ways be an on­go­ing process,” Xi con­tin­ued, stress­ing that the fu­ture of a politi­cal party or a regime is ul­ti­mately de­ter­mined by whether the peo­ple are for or against it. While af­firm­ing the ac­com­plish­ments the Party has made in its self­gov­er­nance since its 18th Na­tional Congress, Xi warned against com­pla­cency and blind op­ti­mism, as the Party still has a long way to go to achieve strict self gov­er­nance. The Party should con­tinue to be prob­lem-ori­ented, main­tain com­po­sure, and deepen the com­pre­hen­sive and strict gov­er­nance of the Party with more sci­en­tific, pre­cise and ef­fec­tive mea­sures, Xi said. While pre­sid­ing over the open­ing ses­sion of the work­shop, Pre­mier Li Ke­qiang said se­nior of­fi­cials should study Xi's im­por­tant speech, fol­low its spirit both in thoughts and ac­tions, and stay highly con­sis­tent with the CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee with Com­rade Xi at its core. “[Xi's speech] has given a thor­ough ex­pla­na­tion of the ma­jor poli­cies and guide­lines of the Party and the coun­try for the fu­ture, and put for­ward a se­ries of im­por­tant thoughts, view­points, judg­ments and mea­sures,” Pre­mier Li told of­fi­cials at the work­shop. De­ci­sions must be im­ple­mented well to em­brace the 19th CPC Na­tional Congress, Pre­mier Li said. Ad­dress­ing the clos­ing cer­e­mony of the work­shop, Liu Yun­shan urged Party mem­bers and cadres to en­hance their con­scious­ness in thoughts and ac­tions in up­hold­ing the CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee with Xi at its core.

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